Research Integrity Resources

Research Integrity Resources

Responsible conduct of research goes beyond simply avoiding misconduct in research. Researchers and research institutions must conduct research in a way that is honest, trustworthy, reliable and accountable. Where Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) is the ideal behavior of a researcher, misconduct refers to the worst possible behavior by a researcher, and behavior that falls in between the ideal and the worst, but that still negatively impacts the integrity of the research is referred to as questionable research practices (QRP).
(Steneck, N. H. (2006). Fostering Integrity in Research: Definitions, Current Knowledge, and Future Directions. Science and Engineering Ethics, 12, 53-74.)

The responsible conduct of research includes:

  • sound research design and methodology
  • reproducibility
  • conscientious data management
  • appropriate authorship
  • appropriate mentorship
  • appropriate use of funds
  • disclosing conflicts of interest
  • managing conflicts of commitment
  • adherence to institutional policies, applicable regulations and laws, and ethical principles
  • behaving in an ethical manner by using sound ethical judgement that promotes trust
  • conducting research with integrity

Questionnable research practices (QRP), which can negatively impact the integrity of research, include misuse of funds, non-compliance with human subjects or animal subjects protection requirements, violating privacy and confidentiality agreements, misuse of authority, p-hacking, excluding data, unethical authorship, inadequate record-keeping...and more.

Research misconduct is explicitly defined in federal regulations and CUNY Policy as plagiarism, fabrication, or falsification. Implications of research misconduct include harm to individuals or society when patient care, government policies, social services, etc. are designed based on such research; waste of funds and other resources; loss of credibility and public trust in research and science; reputational damage to individuals and institutions; and inaccurate research records that inform future research.

Researchers and faculty mentors are encouraged to visit the Office of Research Integrity for resources on topics related to RCR.  In addition, the Research Compliance and Integrity team in the Office for the Advancement of Research is in the process of developing new guidance and training opportunities for the John Jay research community on responsible research practices.