The Consortium for Police Leadership in Equity (CPLE) is a research consortium that promotes police transparency and accountability by facilitating innovative research collaborations between law enforcement agencies and world-class social scientists. Through these facilitated collaborations, the Consortium seeks to improve issues of equity–particularly racial and gender equity–in policing both within law enforcement agencies and between agencies and the communities they serve. The Consortium aims to effect cultural transformations within both law enforcement and the academy by creating opportunities that simultaneously preserve the dignity of law enforcement and advance the application of social science to the real world.
New York Police-on-Police Shootings Task Force Releases Report:
The report examines the implications arising from police-on-police shootings and confrontations, particularly between on-duty and off-duty officers and between officers of different races, nationalities and ethnicities, and recommends ways to prevent such incidents in the future. The report recommends that departments, state government, and the US Department of Justice each take specific steps to:
- improve police training and tactics to defuse police-on-police confrontations before they turn fatal;
- improve the investigation of police-on-police shootings; and
- provide procedures that can improve the treatment of the officers and families involved.
American Civil Liberties Union – Police Practices
New York Civil Liberties Union – Police Accountability and Criminal Justice Reform
-NYPD Stop and Frisk Practices
The National Police Accountability Project (NPAP), a project of the National Lawyers Guild, is a non-profit organization of plaintiff's lawyers, law students and legal workers. NPAP is dedicated to ending police abuse of authority through coordinated legal action, public education, and support for grassroots and victims' organizations combating police misconduct.
The National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE)is a non-profit organization that brings together individuals and agencies working to establish or improve oversight of police officers in the United States. NACOLE welcomes people and organizations committed to fair and professional law enforcement that is responsive to community needs.
New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board
Revisiting ‘Who is Guarding the Guardians?’
By the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
Internal and External Oversight in the U.S.
PARC Issues Paper By Bob Merrick
Citizen Review of Police: Approaches and Implementation
By Peter Finn, National Institute of Justice
Investigating Civilian Complaints is Different: The Special Challenges of Investigating Citizen Complaints Against Police Officers
By Jayson Wechter
Fighting Police Abuse: A Community Action Manual
By the American Civil Liberties Union
Shielded from Justice: Police Brutality and Accountability in the United States
By Human Rights Watch
Broken U.S. Police Culture and Lack of Police Temperament Explain the Infamous Gates/Crowley Encounter
By Dr. Christopher C. Cooper