December 3-4 2007
REGISTRATION: FREE (Click Here to Register)
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
899 Tenth Ave, Room 630
New York City

The Center on Media, Crime & Justice
at John Jay College is pleased to host
The Third Annual Harry F. Guggenheim Symposium on Crime in America


CRIME, JUSTICE AND POLITICS:
LOOKING AHEAD TO '08


<< Back to Symposium Schedule


BIOS OF PANELISTS


ALISSA ACKERMAN
Alissa Ackerman, a member of the John Jay poll survey analysis team, is a second year doctoral student at John Jay College of Criminal Justice/ CUNY Graduate Center. She holds a Master of Arts in Criminal Justice from John Jay College and a Bachelor of Science in Criminology from Florida State University. Her current research interests include the management and treatment of sex offenders. Her proposed dissertation topic is a test of Strain Theory on sex offender recidivism. Alissa currently teaches classes in Correctional Law, Juvenile Justice, and Statistics.

ALFRED BLUMSTEIN
Alfred Blumstein is the J. Erik Jonsson Professor of Urban Systems and Operations Research and former Dean (1986-1993) at the H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management of Carnegie Mellon University. He is also director of the National Consortium on Violence Research (NCOVR), funded by the National Science Foundation. Dr. Blumstein, a Fellow and former president (1991-1992) of the American Society of Criminology, was the 1987 recipient of the Society's Sutherland Award for "contributions to research." At the 1998 meeting of the ASC, he was presented with the Wolfgang Award for Distinguished Achievement in Criminology. His research over the past twenty years has covered many aspects of criminal-justice phenomena and policy, including crime measurement, criminal careers, sentencing, deterrence and incapacitation, prison population, demographic trends, juvenile violence, and drug policy.

Dr. Blumstein has also had extensive experience in policy making posts within the criminal justice system at both the national and state levels. He served as Chairman (1979-1990) of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, the state's criminal justice planning agency, and as a member (1986-1996) of the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing. He was Director (1966-1967) of the Task Force on Science and Technology of the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. Dr. Blumstein served as chairman (1979-1984) of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Research on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, as well as the committee's panels on Research on Deterrent and Incapacitative Effects, on Sentencing Research, and on Research on Criminal Careers. His degrees from Cornell University include a Bachelor of Engineering Physics and a Ph.D. in Operations Research. He was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by the John Jay College of Criminal Justice of the City University of New York, and in 2007, he was awarded the 2007 Stockholm Prize in Criminology.

ALICIA A. CALDWELL
Alicia A. Caldwell has been the El Paso, Texas, correspondent for The Associated Press since May 2005. Her beats include immigration and border issues, and military justice. Previously, Alicia covered criminal justice beats for the Philadelphia Inquirer and the Orlando Sentinel. Alicia is a graduate of the University of Arizona and earned a master's degree in Mass Communication, Print Journalism, at Arizona State University's Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication.

DAVID E. CHONG
David E. Chong was appointed Police Commissioner in the City of Mount Vernon, New York, the eighth largest municipal police department in New York State in 2006. He was recently the subject of a New York Times profile for his innovative programs for dealing with troubled youth and gang violence. He retired as a Lieutenant Commander of Detectives with the New York City Police Department after 22 years of service in 2002. While working with the NYPD, he served in many high-profile assignments, including the Tactical Patrol Unit, the Asian Organized Crime and Gangs Unit and the Narcotics Division, and served as the Commanding Officer of the Counter-Terrorism Bureau's Global Intelligence Unit, formed shortly after 9-11-01. Between 20002 and 2006, he served as Deputy Commissioner of Public Safety for the City of White Plains. He is currently a an adjunct professor of Criminal Justice at Monroe College. Among the many awards, Commissioner Chong has received over his law enforcement career are the 2005 Society of Asian Federal Officer's Man of the Year and the NYPD Asian Jade Society's "Lifetime Achievement Award. Mr. Chong recently addressed the General Secretariat at Interpol, Lyon, France, on Asian Organized Crime and Terrorism, and is a renowned speaker on law enforcement issues such as terrorism, youth gangs, organized crime, and narcotics interdiction. He is a graduate of the 204th session of the FBI National Academy, and has attended training in Israel on terrorism and suicide bombers. Commisioner Chong recently traveled to China to adopt a baby girl.

ANNA CRAYTON
Anna Crayton, a member of this year's John Jay survey analysis team, is a second year doctoral student at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. In 2006, she became a research assistant at the Prisoner Reentry Institute (PRI) at John Jay College, where she assisted in the development of a national resource guide to help individuals plan for their education upon release from prison. aAdditionally, she has presented research produced by PRI initiatives at international conferences including the American Society of Criminology and International Association of Reentry. Prior to pursuing pursuing graduate studies in Criminal Justice at John Jay College, Ms. Crayton served as an intern at a minimum security prison in North Carolina. She received her Bachelor of Sciences in Criminal Justice and Psychology from Appalachian State University.

JOE DOMANICK
Joe Domanick is Senior Fellow in Criminal Justice at USC Annenberg’s Institute for Justice and Journalism as well as a Senior Fellow at the Center on the Media, Crime and Justice at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. An award-winning investigative journalist, he was described in the Los Angeles Times as “one of the most outspoken of the breed... a muckraking journalist [who] continues to pound away at police officials ...and other civic center hotshots. In pen and in person he’s got a tough and hungry manner that makes them uncomfortable.” Domanick also teaches journalism at the School of Journalism at USC Annenberg, and is an accomplished author. His latest book, “Cruel Justice: Three Strikes and the Politics Of Crime in America’s Golden State” was named one of the “Best Books of 2004” by the San Francisco Chronicle. A previous book, “To Protect and to Serve: The LAPD’s Century of War in the City of Dreams,” won the 1995 Edgar Allan Poe Award for “Best True Crime” non-fiction book. His first book, Faking It In America, has been bought by New Line Cinema to be made into a feature film. Currently he is working on a book about California’s prison system to be published by USC Press in 2009. Domanick’s feature articles and opinion pieces have appeared in The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times Magazine, Maxim, Playboy, Los Angeles Magazine, The San Francisco Chronicle, and the Washington Journalism Review among many others.

JOHN FEINBLATT
John Feinblatt is the Criminal Justice Coordinator for the Mayor. Prior to his appointment, he most recently founded and directed the Center for Court Innovation. He has also served as Director of the Midtown Court, Deputy Executive Director of Victims Services (now Safe Horizon), and a staff attorney at the Legal Aid Society. Feinblatt earned a BA at Wesleyan University and a JD from the Columbus School of Law at Catholic University.

GARY FIELDS
Gary Fields, winner of this year's John Jay Prize for Excellence in Criminal Justice Reporting in the single-article category, covers criminal justice issues for The Wall Street Journal. He has been with the paper for seven years. Prior to that he covered a similar beat at USA TODAY, where he worked almost 10 years. Garys work for the last two decades has focused on criminal justice. At the Journal he has spent the last three years focusing on elements of the corrections system, including the impact of lengthy sentences, impediments to prisoner re-entry, the incarceration of the mentally ill and most recently, criminal justice on Native American tribal lands. At USA TODAY his work included how the death penalty is geographically meted out and unsolved homicides. Previous awards include: the North Star News Prize; the Thurgood Marshall Journalism Award for covering death penalty issues; the James Aronson Award for Social Justice Journalism and the National Alliance of Mental Illness Journalism Award. In 1997 he was chosen as the Journalist of the Year by the National Association of Black Journalists.

STEPHEN E. FLYNN
Stephen Flynn is the Jeane J. Kirkpatrick senior fellow for National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is the author of the critically acclaimed “The Edge of Disaster: Rebuilding a Resilient Nation” (Random House, 2007) and the national bestseller, “America the Vulnerable” (HarperCollins, 2004). Dr. Flynn ranks among the world’s most widely cited experts on homeland security issues, including providing congressional testimony on nineteen occasions since 9/11. He spent twenty years as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Coast Guard, was awarded the Legion of Merit, and retired at the rank of Commander. During his time on active duty he had two commands at sea, served in the White House Military Office during the George H.W. Bush administration, and was director for Global Issues on the National Security Council staff during the Clinton administration. He holds a Ph.D. and M.A.L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and a B.S. from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. He is currently a Consulting Professor at the Center of International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University; a Senior Fellow at the Wharton School’s Risk Management and Decision Processes Center at the University of Pennsylvania; and a member of the Marine Board of the National Research Council.

GEORGE GASCON
George Gascon was appointed chief of the Mesa, Arizona Police Department in August 2006. A 28-year-veteran of the Los Angeles Police Department for more than 28 years, his final post was the LAPD Assistant Police Chief and Director over the Office of Operations. Operations included all patrol and detective functions, aviation, special weapons and tactics (SWAT) and various other enforcement related areas. Chief Gascón received a B.A. degree in History from California State University, Long Beach, and a Juris Doctor Degree from Western State University, College of Law. He is an active member of the California Bar Association. Chief Gascon is nationally known as a pioneer of COMPSTAT and frequently writes on police training, human relations and community policing strategies. In Mesa, he has worked in close partnership with Mesa Public Schools to develop M.E.S.A. (Making Every Student Accountable), an at-risk youth intervention program, and participates in other local civic and professional groups. He is a current member of the board of directors for MARC Center, a non-profit organization dedicated to the development of people with mental disabilities. Chief Gascón's professional affiliations include the International Association of Chief of Police, Police Executive Research Forum, and Vice Chairperson of the East Valley Chiefs of Police Association, and the Latino Peace Officers Association.

TED GEST
Ted Gest is president of Criminal Justice Journalists, a national organization of journalists covering crime and justice. CJJ is based in Washington, D.C., and affiliated with John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the University of Pennsylvania. For nearly 24 years, Gest was a reporter and editor at U.S. News & World Report, covering the White House, Justice Department, Supreme Court, legal affairs, and criminal justice. Previously, he was a reporter and editor for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. He is the author of "Crime and Politics" (Oxford University Press, 2001). Gest is a graduate of Oberlin College and the Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University.

JAN GILHOOLY
Jan Gilhooly is President and Chief of Operations for Archangel RTR llc, a private risk, threat reduction group. Until June, 2007, he served as the Protective Security Advisor for the State of New Jersey and direct liason to The Department of Homeland Security in Washington, D.C.. A 29-year year veteran of the United States Secret Service, he has held various assignments as special agent and supervisor with the Department of Justice, including assignments to the Presidential Protective Division and Special Agent in Charge of the Newark, N.J. Field Office. He served as: Inspector in Charge of U.N. 50, which accommodated 143 heads of state during its celebration and was assigned to the White House Security Review mandated by the Secretary of the Treasury to review security procedures used for Presidential Protection in the U.S. and abroad. In 2002 he was called upon to supervise protective activities of the Superbowl, and the Salt Lake City Olympics, both designated National Special Security Events. Mr. Gilhooly is a native of New Jersey and currently resides in West Orange.

PAUL GLICKMAN
Paul Glickman worked for many years as a radio and print reporter in California, Central America, and Washington, D.C. He has reported for, among others, Newsweek, the Christian Science Monitor, the Guardian of London, the BBC, the CBC, and Mutual Radio. In the mid-1980s he was based in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, an excellent vantage point for covering two neighboring wars: the conflict in El Salvador, where the U.S.-backed government fought Cuban-backed guerrillas, and the war in Nicaragua, where the Cuban-backed government fought U.S.-backed guerrillas. In the late 1980s he was a Washington, D.C. reporter for Inter Press Service, an international wire service. In the 1990s Paul was a foreign editor at National Public Radio, overseeing the network's coverage of such historic events as the Rwandan genocide and South Africa's transition from apartheid to democracy. Since 2000 he has been News Director at 89.3 KPCC-FM, building one of the largest and most successful public radio newsrooms in the country. Among the awards he received are the Peabody Award (1998), "Coverage of Africa;" Robert F. Kennedy Award, "Coverage of Rwanda and Zaire/Congo" (1998); duPont Columbia Award, "Coverage of Rwanda" (1994)

FRANK GREEN
Frank Green has reported for the Richmond Times-Dispatch since 1980. He has covered criminal justice issues in depth, and has written extensively about the death penalty, corrections, and sentencing. He has also reported from Zambia about the AIDS epidemic and has covered the war in Iraq. He graduated from American University in 1974.

SUSAN GREENE
Susan Greene is a co-winner with Denver Post colleague Miles Moffeit of this year's John Jay Prize for Excellence in Reporting on Criminal Justice in the 'Best Series' category. She has worked for The Denver Post since 1998. Prior to her current assignment following the 2008 presidential race, she worked on The Post's investigative projects team, covered western regional issues, and reported on local, state and national politics. In 2001, she reported from lower Manhattan on September 11. In 1999, she was part of the team that covered the Columbine High School massacre. Previously, she was a reporter at the Las Vegas Review-Journal and the Victorville, Calif., Daily Press. She has a masters degree in non-fiction writing from The Johns Hopkins University and a bachelors degree in Comparative Literature from the University of Michigan. She lives in Denver with her husband, Lonn Heymann, and their two sons, Abe and Ike.

GENE GUERRERO
Gene Guerrero is a Senior Policy Analyst at the Open Society Institute Policy Center in Washington, D.C. He concentrates on the fields of criminal justice and civil liberties. In this capacity, he works to promote fair and equal treatment in all aspects of the U.S. criminal justice system. Guerrero coordinates working groups of state and local government representatives, civil rights advocates, criminal justice practitioners, and academics to consider law enforcement reforms, sentencing changes, increased use of alternatives to imprisonment and programs to assist the reentry of prisoners back into society. Prior to joining OSI, Guerrero served with the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights (Human Rights First), where he directed a national legislative advocacy campaign to protect the rights of refugees, and served as the Country Director of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs in Namibia. Guerrero also spent many years working for the American Civil Liberties Union in Washington and as the ACLU Director in Georgia.

MAKI HABERFELD
Maki Haberfeld is a Professor of Police Science in the Department of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice Administration at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City. She was born in Poland and  immigrated to Israel as a teenager. During her army service in the Israeli Defense Force, she was assigned to a special counter-terrorist unit that was created to prevent terrorist attacks in Israel. She left the Army at the  rank of a Sergeant. Prior to coming to John Jay she served in the Israel National Police, and left the force at the rank of Lieutenant. She also worked for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, in the New York Field Office, as a special consultant. Her research interests and publications are in the areas of  private and public law enforcement, specifically leadership training, police integrity, and comparative policing.

STEPHEN HANDELMAN
Stephen Handelman is director of the new Center on Media, Crime and Justice at John Jay College. An award-winning foreign correspondent, he has reported from Russia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. A nationally recognized expert on Russian organized crime, he is the author of Comrade Criminal: Russia’s New Mafiya and co-author of BioHazard: the Inside story of the Secret Soviet Biological Weapons Program. He has appeared frequently on national TV and radio, including CNN, ABC Nightline, and the History Channel, and served as a consultant during United Nations meetings to establish an international treaty on transnational crime and corruption. A former senior writer and columnist for TIME magazine and The Toronto Star, his articles have appeared in The New York Times, Popular Science magazine, the Wall Street Journal and many others.

DAWN HOFFMAN
Dawn Hoffman is a research analyst at Global Strategy Group on both public affairs and social policy studies, specializing in research for non-profit organizations  and foundations. Much of her work over the past several years has been focused in the areas of public education, health care, and issues impacting women and children. Ms. Hoffman is responsible for all areas of  project management, including focus group moderation, selecting sample frames, designing questionnaires and overseeing data collection and tabulation. She is well versed in both quantitative and qualitative research designs, having moderated hundreds of focus groups and in-depth  interviews for clients over the years. Past and present clients include the Pew Charitable Trusts, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the  Hispanic Federation, and the Doe Fund.

TAMAR JACOBY
Tamar Jacoby is a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute, where she specializes in immigration and citizenship issues. . She has published two books: “ Someone Else’s House: America’s Unfinished Struggle for Integration,” which tells the story of race relations in three American cities in the decades after the civil rights movement; and “ Reinventing the Melting Pot: The New Immigrants and What It Means To Be American,” a collection of essays arguing that Americans need to find new ways to talk about and encourage assimilation. In 2004, she was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to serve on the National Council on the Humanities, the advisory board of the National Endowment for the Humanities. In her previous career, she was deputy editor for the New York Times op-ed page, and senior writer and justice editor for Newsweek. Her articles and essays have been published in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, The Financial Times, The Los Angeles Times, The New Republic, National Review, The Weekly Standard, Commentary, The New York Review of Books and Foreign Affairs.

DAVID M. KENNEDY
David M. Kennedy is the director of the Center for Crime Prevention and Control and professor of anthropology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City. He has won national recognition for his work focusing on crime prevention strategies for troubled communities. He directed the Boston Gun Project, a ground-breaking problem-solving policing exercise aimed at serious youth violence. Its chief intervention, Operation Ceasefire, was implemented in mid-1996 and appears to have been responsible for a more than sixty per cent reduction in homicide victimization among those 24 and under citywide. Operation Ceasefire won the Ford Foundation Innovations in Government award. Prof. Kennedy has performed field work in police departments and troubled communities both in the U.S. and overseas, and is co-author of a seminal work on community policing , “Beyond 911: A New Era for Policing.” He was a senior researcher and adjunct professor (1993-2004) at the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Other awards include the Herman Goldstein International Award for Problem Oriented Policing, and the International Association of Chiefs of Police Webster Seavey Award. He helped design the Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiative, launched by the Clinton Administration in 1996, for which he received a director’s commendation from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. He designed, with law enforcement and community partners, the “ High Point” drug market elimination strategy, which is now being implemented in a series of cities with support from the Justice Department and the National Urban League.

GIL KERLIKOWSKE
R. Gil Kerlikowske has been chief of the Seattle Police Department since August 2000. A 35-year law enforcement veteran, He is a notable international and national speaker about law enforcement, and has lectured in Budapest, London, Glasgow, Toronto, and throughout the United States. Prior to that he wa s the Deputy Director of the Community Oriented Policing Services at the Department of Justice (1998-2000); and he served as police commissioner for the City of Buffalo Police Department, New York (1994-1998). While in Buffalo, he served a two-year term as president for the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) from 1996 to 1998. Some of his Seattle Police Department initiatives have included establishing a partnership with INTERPOL (1994). He also serves on the board of directors to the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Center Salvation Army and Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, and is an adjunct professor at Seattle University. His awards include the .James V.Cotter Award. from CALEA for leading three police agencies to achieve national accreditation in 2006, the .Leadership Award. in 2006 and the Gary Hayes National Memorial Award in 1990 for innovation in policing, both from PERF. He was also the recipient of a one-year fellowship from the U.S. Department of Justice in 1985 to evaluate police procedures throughout the nation. Chief Kerlikowske began his law enforcement career in St. Petersburg, Florida in 1972. He holds a B.A. and M.A. in criminal justice from the University of South Florida, Tampa and is a graduate of the National Executive Institute at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia.

DANIEL M. KOWALSKI
Daniel Kowalski is Editor-in-Chief of the widely praised Bender's Immigration Bulletin, and online editor of Immigration Law & Procedure: Desk Edition (a LexisNexis publication) . An attorney based in Austin, Texas, he is a past Member of the Board of Governors of the American Immigration Lawyers Association. He has been admitted to practice at the States Supreme Court, U. S. Courts of Appeals for the 5th, 8th, 9th and 10th Circuits, and United States District Courts for the District of Colorado, the Western District of Washington, and the Western District of Texas . He received the Pro Bono Attorney of the Year Award, Northwest Immigrant Rights Project (1998); and the Pro Bono Award, American Immigration Lawyers Association (1993). A winner of the Special President's Award, Denver Bar Association (1988), Mr. Kowalski was listed in The Best Lawyers in America (1997-2007). Mr. Kowalski was born in Denver Colorado, and received his BA from the University of Texas at Austin in 1977, where he was inscribed into Phi Beta Kappa (1978); and his J.D. from St. Mary's University (San Antonio, Texas) School of Law in 1984. He is currently a board member of the Political Asylum Project of Austin (PAPA).

MIKE LAWLOR
Representative Mike Lawlor, Chair of the House Judiciary Committee in the Connecticut House of Representatives, is serving his eleventh term as a member of the state legislature. He represents the Town of East Haven. As judiciary chair since 1995, he has been a leading advocate for reform in Connecticut's criminal justice system. He played a key role in the passage of amendments to the state Constitution that established rights for victims of crime and eliminated the patronage-ridden county sheriff system. Re. Lawlor has also been a leader in efforts to enact workable gun control laws; to address racial disparities in the state's criminal justice system; to pass laws ending discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation; to rewrite Connecticut's domestic violence laws; and to reform the juvenile justice system and to address prison overcrowding. Among his many national posts, he served on the national drafting team for the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision and the Interstate Compact for Juvenile Probation and Parole. He holds a Masters Degree in Soviet Area Studies from the University of London in 1981 and graduated from George Washington University School of Law in 1983. Before his election to the legislature in 1986, he was a prosecutor in the State Attorney's Office in New Haven. Rep. Lawlor also serves as an Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of New Haven, and has been a Visiting Lecturer in Law at the Yale Law School. In 2007, he was named "Professor of the Year" in the Henry C. Lee College of Forensic Science and Criminal Justice at the University of New Hampshire.

ERROL T. LOUIS
Errol T. Louis has been a columnist of the New York Daily News since June 2004, when he began writing on a wide range of political and social affairs. He is a member of the Daily News editorial board, which won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing. Prior to joining the News, Mr. Louis was Associate Editor of the New York Sun, where he published hundreds of columns from 2002 to 2004 and won an award for commentary from the New York Association of Black Journalists. He served as Visiting Assistant Professor of Social Science at Brooklyn's Pratt Institute from 1998 to 2001, and currently teaches undergraduate reporting at Long Island University's Brooklyn campus, and teaches public policy at New York University's Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. Mr. Louis is the recipient of the 1996 New York Magazine Award as one of 10 New Yorkers making a difference “with energy, vision and independent thinking,” and an inaugural winner of the North Star Media Prize for "a significant contribution to journalism, media and communications and the public's understanding of the struggle for social justice." He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Government from Harvard University (1984), a Master’s in Political Science from Yale (1989), and a Juris Doctorate from Brooklyn Law School (2005).

JAMES P. LYNCH
James P. Lynch is a Distinguished Professor at John Jay College in New York. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in Sociology and joined the Bureau of Social Science Research in 1980 where he was the manager of the National Crime Survey Redesign. Lynch became a faculty member in the Department of Justice, Law and Society (JLS) at American University in 1986 where he remained as an associate and full professor and, ultimately, chair of the department until leaving for John Jay College in 2005. Professor Lynch has published three books, 25 refereed articles, and over 40 book chapters and other publications. He was elected to the Executive Board of the American Society of Criminology in 2002 and has served on the editorial boards of Criminology and the Journal of Quantitative Criminology and as Deputy Editor of Justice Quarterly. He will assume (with Alex Piquero) the editorship of the Journal of Quantitative Criminology in 2008. He has also chaired the American Statistical Associations Committee on Law and Justice Statistics.

GARRY F. MCCARTHY
Garry F. McCarthy has been director of the Newark Police Department since September 2006. Before then, he had a 25-year career with the New York Police Department, ending as Deputy Commissioner of Operations, where he served as the principal crime strategist. During his seven year tenure, the NYPD saw a progressive decline in murders. In 2005, the 540 recorded murders were the lowest in New Yorks history since 1963. Since taking over in Newark, Director McCarthy has reorganized the department by sending over 150 police officers from clerical positions to city wide task forces and patrol duties, and created a new Central Narcotics Division that works hand in hand with the Criminal Gang Intelligence Unit. Director McCarthy also created the Criminal Intelligence Unit and a Fugitive Apprehension Unit that has, as of April 20th 2007, apprehended 11 out of Newarks 12 Most Wanted Felons. Director McCarthy also recently launched a Quality of Life Initiative, which involves a multi-agency task force comprising the Police Department, Alcoholic Beverage Control, Fire Department, Health Department, Code Enforcement and Uniform Construction Code Officials to reduce crime, as well as the fear of crime. Born in the Bronx, New York, Director McCarthy and his wife Gina have two daughters, Kyla and Kimberly. One of his two older brothers, James, is an ex-NY State Trooper.

CANDACE MCCOY
Candace McCoy specializes in the study of criminal justice policies, researching and teaching on such topics as sentencing, plea bargaining, jury decisionmaking, and police practices. She has also taught in the field of criminal justice ethics. McCoy holds a J.D. from the University of Cincinnati and a Ph.D. in Jurisprudence and Social Policy from the University of California at Berkeley. Over the past 30 years, she has taught at Penn State University, the University of Cincinnati, and Rutgers University before beginning work as a Professor with CUNY’s Graduate Center. She teaches exclusively in John Jay College. Recent publications include reviews and commentary about drug courts and “Plea Bargaining as Coercion: The Trial Penalty in the USA,” Criminal Law Quarterly, Vol. 50 (Summer, 2005). With Jerome Skolnick and Malcolm Feeley, she co-edited the textbook Criminal Justice: Cases and Materials, 6th ed. (Foundation Press: 2004). She is a co-author of the recently-released monograph “Unlocking America: Why and How to Reduce America’s Prison Population.” She received the American Society of Criminology’s Herbert Block Award for distinguished service to the profession in 2003. In 2006, she was appointed as Chair of the State of New Jersey’s Criminal Disposition Commission. e-mail: cmcoy@jjay.cuny.edu.

MARK MERSHON
Mark Mershon has been Assistant Director in Charge of the New York office of the FBI since May, 1995. Since joining the FBI in 1975, he has had a long and varied career with the agency, with senior assignments in Miami, San Francisco and Denver. He served as supervisor in the Drug Squad, Administrative Squad and Organized Crime Squad. In January 1991, Mr. Mershon was transferred to the Fugitive/Government Reservation Crimes Unit, Criminal Investigative Division, at FBI HQ, where he served as Unit Chief. A native of Jersey City, New Jersey, Assistant Director Mershon earned a bachelor's degree in Business Administration from the University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana, in 1973. Prior to his appointment with the FBI, Mr. Mershon worked for Touche Ross and Company, where he served as a Senior Accountant. Mr. Mershon is married and has two sons.

MILES MOFFEIT
Miles Moffeit, co-winner with Denver Post colleague Susan Greene of this year's John Jay Prize for Excellence in Reporting on Criminal Justice in the 'Best Series' category.has been an investigative reporter for The Denver Post since 2002, and previously with the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. His last national investigation uncovered widespread leniency in the military for soldiers investigated for rape, spousal violence and prisoner abuse.

STEVE MONTIEL
As founding director of the Institute for Justice and Journalism at the University of Southern California’s Annenberg School for Communication, Steve Montiel has led the Ford Foundation-funded organization’s efforts to strengthen news coverage of justice and civil rights since 2000. For 12 years before becoming director, he served as president of the Robert C. Maynard Institute for Journalism Education, which he and eight other journalists created in 1977 to increase racial and cultural diversity in news media. He has worked as a journalist for The Associated Press, the Vietnam Bureau of Pacific Stars and Stripes, the Arizona Daily Star and Los Angeles Times. He was deputy press secretary for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games and vice president of the foundation created with Olympic surplus funds. In addition to the Maynard Institute Board, he serves on the boards of the California First Amendment Coalition and California Council for the Humanities. He is a member of the National Association of Hispanic Journalists and California Chicano News Media Association.

VIVIAN NIXON
Vivian Nixon is an ordained minister and executive director of the College and Community Fellowship at the City University of New York, which provides intensive academic support and public leadership development for formerly incarcerated women. She also currently serves as an associate minister at the Mt. Olive AME Church in Port Washington, NY. In March 2004, Reverend Nixon received the Lifting as We Climb Advocacy Award from the Correctional Association of New York. In January 2005, she was awarded a Soros Justice Fellowship from the Open Society Institute to launch Re-Enter-Grace, an advocacy and education project aimed at religious leaders and their communities. She is currently writing a book about her experiences entitled, “Guilty and Saved: Revelations of a Previously Incarcerated Preacher Woman.”

PAT NOLAN
Pat Nolan is the President of Justice Fellowship, the criminal justice reform arm of Chuck Colson’s Prison Fellowship Ministries. The Justice Fellowship works to reform the criminal justice system based on biblical principles of restorative justice. It seeks to help victims, reform offenders, and restore a sense of community to neighborhoods long plagued by crime. Before coming to the Justice Fellowship, Pat served for 15 years in the California State Assembly, four of those as the Assembly Republican Leader. He was a leader on crime issues, particularly on behalf of victims' rights, and was named Legislator of the Year by many groups including the Amvets for his work on behalf of Vietnam veterans. A former convict himself, Pat advocates for the rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders into society after their release. He is the author of “When Prisoners Return,” which describes the important role the church can play in helping released prisoners get back on their feet. His opinion pieces have appeared in the Los Angeles Times, the National Law Journal and the Washington Times, among others, and he is a frequent guest on talk shows, including Hannity and Colmes, Fox Network News, and Michael Reagan. Pat serves on Governor Schwarzenegger’s 14-member Prison Rehabilitation Strike Team, established to completely revamp California’s prison system.

ROY OCCHIOGROSSO
Roy Occhiogrosso is a Principal of Global Strategy Group, where he specializes in strategic communications, media relations, public policy, and political strategy. Having served in numerous governmental policy and communications positions, Roy is credited with having helped to change public policy on several fronts by conceptualizing and launching communications strategies that successfully framed issues in the media. In addition to serving for six years as Policy and Communications Director for New York State Senate Democrats, Roy has held various managerial positions at all levels of government, and on political campaigns - from mayoral races to the Presidency. A New York City native, Roy received his B.A. and M.P.A. from the University of Connecticut, and is an adjunct Professor of Political Science in the Public Policy Graduate School at Trinity College in Hartford.

ALEX PIQUERO
Alex R. Piquero is presidential scholar and a professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and The City University of New York Graduate Center. He has published widely on criminological theory, quantitative research methods, and policing. He is a member of the Macarthur Foundation's research network on adolescent development and juvenile justice, a member of the National Consortium on Violence Research, and senior research fellow with the Police Foundation. He is editor of the John Jay-Urban Institute book series on crime and public policy, and sits on the editorial boards of over twelve journals in criminology, psychology, and sociology. He has received the American Society of Criminology's Young Scholar and E-mail Mentor of the Year awards, and is currently an executive counselor with the American Society of Criminology.

JOYCE PURNICK
Joyce Purnick has been a reporter, editor and columnist with The New York Times for nearly three decades. She was the first woman to serve as editor of the Metro department, the largest news department of The Times, wrote the twice-weekly Metro Matters column for ten years, and served on the paper's editorial board, writing opinion essays on urban affairs. She joined the paper in 1979 and has covered the state government in Albany, the New York City school system and New York's City Hall. Ms. Purnick’s Metro Matters column has won several awards, including the 1996-97 Mike Berger Award from Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism. Columns she wrote about the fatal neglect of abused children by the city's welfare system were among The Times's writings that won a George Polk Award for metropolitan reporting in 1996. Ms. Purnick’s other honors include the 1987 Peter Kihss Award for reporting on city government, given by the Fund for the City of New York, and a 1979 Front Page Award from the Newswomen's Club of New York for political columns in New York magazine (where she worked before she joined The Times), and awards in 1975 from the Newspaper Guild and the Newswomen's Club of New York for feature writing at The New York Post, where she worked from 1970 to 1978, rising from news clerk to chief political writer.

Ms. Purnick, who began working on a book about Mayor Michael Bloomberg in 2007, is a New York City native and a graduate of its public schools. She received a B.A. degree from Barnard College in 1967, is married to Max Frankel, a writer and the former executive editor of The Times, and has three stepchildren and five grandchildren. She and her husband live in Manhattan.


SAM ROBERTS
Sam Roberts became urban affairs correspondent of The New York Times in 2005 after serving as deputy editor of The Week In Review (since August 1995). He previously served as urban affairs columnist, inaugurating the column “Metro Matters” which appeared on the front page of The Times' metropolitan section. Prior to joining The Times in 1987, he spent 15 years at the New York Daily News, first as a reporter, and then as city editor and political editor. His most recent book is “The Brother: The Untold Story of Atomic Spy: David Greenglass and How He Sent His Sister, Ethel Rosenberg, to the Electric Chair,” published by Random House in 2001. The book was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award for nonfiction. He has been the host of New York Close-up, a nightly news and interview program on New York 1, the all-news cable channel, produced in association with The New York Times and of its new incarnation, the weekly hour-long program The New York Times Close Up. He also produces a weekly podcast called “Only in New York.” Mr. Roberts has won awards from the Newspaper Guild of New York and received the Peter Kihss Award both from the Fund for the City of New York and the Society of Silurians. His magazine articles have appeared in The New York Times Magazine, the New Republic, New York, and Empire State Report. He lives in New York with his wife and two sons.

LAURIE ROBINSON
Laurie O. Robinson, Director of the Master of Science Program at the University of Pennsylvanias Department of Criminology since 2003, served as Assistant Attorney General in the U.S. Department of Justice from 1993 to 2000. As a Distinguished Senior Scholar in Penns Jerry Lee Center of Criminology, she also heads the Centers Forum on Crime & Justice, which sponsors educational sessions for Washington policymakers on state and local criminal justice innovation. At the Justice Department, Robinson headed the Office of Justice Programs, which is responsible for the Departments research, statistics, and state and local criminal justice assistance agency and includes the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the Bureau of Justice Assistance. As Assistant Attorney General, Robinson spearheaded initiatives in such areas as prisons and corrections, drug courts, community-based crime control, violence against women, law enforcement technology, and sex offender management. In 1998, she established within OJP an Office of Domestic Preparedness to help state and local governments and first responders prepare for dealing with terrorist incidents and weapons of mass destruction. Prior to joining the Justice Department, Robinson served as director of the American Bar Associations Section of Criminal Justice for 14 years.

RICHARD ROSENFELD
Richard Rosenfeld is Curators Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. He is the author with Steven F. Messner of “Crime and the American Dream” (4th edition, Wadsworth, 2007) and has written widely on the social sources of violent crime. His current research focuses on the relationship between economic conditions and changes in crime rates over time. Professor Rosenfeld is a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology and a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Law and Justice.

MEGHAN SACKS
Meghan Sacks is currently a criminal justice doctoral student at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY. After earning her Masters degree in Criminal Justice from John Jay College, Meghan assumed a position as a United States probation officer in the Southern District of New York. Meghan conducted presentence investigations of offenders convicted in the federal court system and worked extensively with the United States Sentencing Guidelines. Her current research interests include sentencing policy and legislation, plea bargaining and bail reform, and correctional program evaluations.

ROBERT SPITZER
Robert J. Spitzer (Ph.D. Cornell, 1980) is Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science at the State University of New York at Cortland. Spitzer is the author of over 300 articles, essays, and papers appearing in many journals and books on a variety of American political subjects. He formerly served as President of the Presidency Research Group of the American Political Science Association. He has also served as a member of the New York State Commission on the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution, and has testified before Congress on several occasions, most recently before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee on the meaning of the Second Amendment's right to bear arms. A partial list of his most recent books includes Politics and Constitutionalism (2000), The Right to Bear Arms (2001), Essentials of American Politics (co-authored, 2002; 2nd ed. 2006), The Presidency and the Constitution (co-authored, 2005), and most recently, Saving the Constitution from Lawyers: How Legal Training and Law Reviews Distort Constitutional Meaning (Cambridge University Press, 2008). He received the SUNY Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Scholarship in 2003. Spitzer has appeared as a guest on several national news shows, including NBC's "Today Show, ABC's "Good Morning America" and Network Nightly News, and PBS's "News Hour With Jim Lehrer.” He has been quoted countless times in major newspapers across the country, and frequently publishes op-eds about gun control and other political issues.

FRANK STOLTZE
Frank Stoltze covers criminal justice and politics for KPCC, the National Public Radio affiliate in Los Angeles. He's covered a wide range of stories on gangs, criminal illegal and resident immigrants, LAPD reform, three strikes and other issues. He 's reported on various major stories from the 1992 riots to Southern California's fires, floods and earthquakes. Frank has won a number of awards, including the LA Press Club's Radio Journalist of the Year Award in 2006.

MICHAEL THOMPSON
Michael Thompson is Director of the Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center, and has worked on criminal justice policy issues with the Council since 1997. During his tenure at CSG, Thompson has launched a number of national policy initiatives, including efforts aimed at improving outcomes for people with mental illnesses in the criminal justice system and enhancing the ability of former prisoners to succeed in their communities. He has been an advocate of increased public safety, reduced spending on corrections, and improved conditions in the neighborhoods to which most people released from prison return. These efforts have prompted congressional hearings, federal legislation, national news coverage, and bipartisan legislative and programmatic initiatives in states across the country. Prior to joining CSG, he worked for the Office of the Court Monitor in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

JEREMY TRAVIS
Jeremy Travis became the fourth president of John Jay College of Criminal Justice on August 16, 2004. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Travis served four years as a senior fellow affiliated with the Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute, where he launched a national research program on prisoner reentry into society and initiated research agendas on crime in a community context, sentencing, and international crime. While at the Urban Institute, Mr. Travis co-chaired the Reentry Roundtable, a group of nationally prominent researchers and policymakers devoted to exploring the dimensions of prisoner reentry. From 1994 to 2000, Mr. Travis was the director of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). A key figure in the development of new approaches to prisoner reentry, he pioneered the concept of the reentry court, designed the Department of Justices reentry partnership initiative, and created the federal reentry program in President Clintons FY2000 budget. Prior to his tenure at NIJ, Mr. Travis was Deputy Commissioner, Legal Matters, at the New York City Police Department, Chief Counsel to the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, and Special Advisor to the Mayor of New York City. Mr. Travis has received numerous awards for his contributions to the field of criminal justice, including the American Society of Criminologys August Vollmer Award, the Gerhard O.W. Muller Award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and the Margaret Mead Award from the International Community Corrections Association. He has taught courses on criminal justice, public policy, history, and law at Yale College, New York Universitys Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York Law School, George Washington University, and John Jay College.

BOBBY NORRIS VASSAR
Bobby Norris Vassar is Chief Counsel to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security, House Judiciary Committee. Between 1999 and 2007, he was Minority Counsel to the Committee. He served as Senior Counsel and Legislative Director, Office of Congressman Robert C. Scott (1994 to 1999), and was Acting Virginia Secretary for Health and Human Resources (1993-1994). Earlier posts included, Deputy Virginia Secretary for Health and Human Resources -(1990-1994); Deputy Commissioner for State Programs, Virginia Department of Social Services (1987-1990); and chairman Virginia Parole Board (1982-1987). He received his J.D. From the University of Virginia School of Law and his B.A. From Norfolk State University. He has top-secret security clearance. He also serves as Rector of the Board of Visitors, Norfolk State University, and was a member of the Virginia Sentencing Guidelines Commission (1995-2001).

ALBERTO VOURVOULIAS-BUSH
Alberto Vourvoulias-Bush is Executive Editor of El Diario/La Prensa, New York’s largest Spanish-language daily and the oldest Spanish language newspaper in the United States. Before joining El Diario/La Prensa, Vourvoulias launched and directed Time Americas, Time Magazine’s Spanish-language supplement for Latin America, which had a readership of over 3 million. He was also the Deputy Editor of the Latin American edition of Time. Before entering journalism, Vourvoulias was a research associate at the Council on Foreign Relations, a policy think-tank in New York City, and taught politics at NYU and Yale University.

DEB WENGER
Deb Halpern Wenger, a 17-year broadcast news veteran, is associate professor for media convergence and new media at Virginia Commonwealth University. Prior to her academic appointment, Deb served as assistant news director at WFLA-TV in Tampa, Fla. She started her career as a reporter/anchor at KXJB in Fargo, N.D., moved on to producing at WBBH in Ft. Myers, Fla. and WMUR in Manchester, N.H. then became executive producer at WSOC in Charlotte, N.C. Wenger conducts multimedia training in newsrooms around the country and is coauthor of the broadcast and online journalism curricula for the Society of Professional Journalists' Newsroom Training Program. She is chair of SPJ's Professional Development Committee and 2nd Vice President of the Criminal Justice Journalists organization. She has been invited to work as visiting faculty for The Poynter Institute and has been a part of the Committee of Concerned Journalists Traveling Curriculum through the Project for Excellence in Journalism. Wenger is co-author of a journalism textbook, "Advancing the Story: Broadcast Journalism in a Multimedia World."

NANCI WILSON
Nanci Wilson is an award-winning investigative journalist with CBS 42 in Austin, Texas. In October, 2007 she was honored with 2 Emmy awards by the Lonestar Chapter of the National Television Arts and Sciences. Her other honors include the prestigious National Journalism Award presented by the Scripps Howard Foundation, and the Edward R. Murrow Award for Investigative Reporting presented by the Radio and Television News Directors Association. She has been nominated for six Emmys. She currently serves on the Board of Directors for Criminal Justice Journalists (CJJ) and is a member of Investigative Reporters and Editors (IRE). Wilson was awarded a Knight Science Journalism Fellowship to study clinical data and evidence-based medicine at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Cambridge, MA. She also holds a patent for a product designed to organize reporters, and developed ‘The Disaster Plan,’ a guide for how newsrooms should respond during a disaster.

TASHA YOUSTIN
Tasha Youstin currently a doctoral student in the Criminal Justice program at John Jay College/CUNY and a member of this year's Guggenheim student-journalist poll survey team, M.A., received her B.A. in Criminology and Criminal Justice from Florida Atlantic University. She completed her masters work in the Criminology, Law and Society program at the University of Florida where she studied under some of the top criminologists in the field, including Ron Akers and Alex Piquero. She. Her main areas of interest include sexual offending and theory testing.