Steven D. Penrod

Steven D. Penrod

Distinguished Professor
Phone number: 
212.237.8877
Room number: 
10.65.03 NB

Education

1979   PhD   Social Psychology, Harvard University
1974   JD      Harvard Law School
1969   BA      Yale College, Poli. Sci,

 

Bio

Steven D. Penrod joined the John Jay faculty as Distinguished Professor of Psychology in 2001. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1974 and his Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University in 1979. He was previously on the faculties of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the University of Minnesota Law School and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He has over 150 publications; is a co-author of books on juries, on eyewitnesses, introductory psychology and social psychology; and a co-editor of volumes on research methods in forensic psychology and comparative psychology and law. Professor Penrod's research and writing have focused on decision-making in legal contexts. He has written about the effects of jury size and decision rules on jury decision-making, death penalty decision-making, juror's use of probabilistic and hearsay evidence, comprehension of legal instructions, and the impact of extra-legal influences such as pretrial publicity, joinder of charges, the effects of cameras in the courtroom, the and the effects of juror questioning of witnesses on jury performance. His research and writing about eyewitness evidence has encompassed factors that reduce eyewitness reliability and lineup procedures that may enhance eyewitness performance,  jury assessments of eyewitness evidence, the relationship between eyewitness confidence and eyewitness accuracy and the effects of eyewitness expert testimony and jury instructions on jury decision-making.

Publications

Google Scholar: goo.gl/W480EC

Tallon, J. A., Daftary-Kapur, T. & Penrod, S. (In press). Defendant Remorse and Publicity in Capital Trials: Is Seeing Truly Believing?  Criminal Justice and Behavior. http://goo.gl/xk2QvD  DOI: 10.1177/0093854815602500

Jones, A. M., Jones, S. & Penrod, S. (In press). Examining Legal Authoritarianism in the Impact of Punishment Severity on Juror Decisions. Psychology, Crime and Law.   http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2015.1077244

Daftary-Kapur, T., Penrod, S., O'Connor, M., & Wallace, B. (2014).  Examining pretrial publicity in a shadow jury paradigm: Issues of slant, quantity, persistence, and generalizability. Law and Human Behavior. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000081

Nicholson, A. S., Yarbrough, A. M. & Penrod, S. D. (2014).  In G. J. N. Bruinsma, D.L. Weisburd (eds.), Jury Decision Making and Eyewitness Testimony. Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Springer: New York.       http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_670

Robbennolt, J., Groscup, J. & Penrod, S. (2013). Evaluating and assisting jury competence in civil and criminal cases. In I. Weiner & R. Otto (ed.), Handbook of Forensic Psychology (4th Ed.). New York: Wiley.  ISBN-13: 978-1118348413  ISBN-10: 1118348419

Vredeveldt, A. & Penrod, S. D. (2013).  Eye-Closure Improves Memory for a Witnessed Event under Naturalistic Conditions.  Psychology, Crime and Law. 19, 893-905.  
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1068316x.2012.700313

Patry, M. W. & Penrod, S. D. (2013). Death penalty decisions: Instruction comprehension, attitudes, and decision mediators. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 13, 204-244   .  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15228932.2013.795816

Bornstein, B. H.; Deffenbacher, K. A.; McGorty, K. & Penrod, S. D. (2012). Effects of exposure time and cognitive operations on facial identification accuracy: A meta-analysis of two variables associated with initial memory strength.  Psychology, Crime and Law, 18, 473-490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1068316x.2010.508458

Spano, L. M., Groscup, J. L. & Penrod, S .D. (2011).  Pretrial publicity and the jury:  Research and methods. In Wiener, R. L. & Bornstein, B. H. (Eds.). Handbook of Trial Consulting.  NY: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7569-0_11

Rosenfeld, B. & Penrod, S. D. (Eds.). (2011). Research Methods in Forensic Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Rosenfeld, B. & Penrod, S. D. (2011). Introduction. In Rosenfeld, B. & Penrod, S. D. (Eds.). Research Methods in Forensic Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.  ISBN-13: 978-0470249826  ISBN-10: 047024982X 

Penrod, S. D., Kovera, M. & Groscup, J. (2011). Jury research methods. In Rosenfeld, B. & Penrod, S. D. (Eds.). Research Methods in Forensic Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN-13: 978-0470249826  ISBN-10: 047024982X 

Spano, L, Daftary-Kapur, T. & Penrod, S. D. (2011). Trial consulting in high publicity cases. In Rosenfeld, B. & Penrod, S. D. (Eds.). Research Methods in Forensic Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN-13: 978-0470249826  ISBN-10: 047024982X 

Wells, G. & Penrod, S. D. (2011). Eyewitness Research: Strengths and Weaknesses of Alternative Methods. In Rosenfeld, B. & Penrod, S. D (Eds.). Research Methods in Forensic Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN-13: 978-0470249826  ISBN-10: 047024982X 

Kim, M. C. & Penrod, S. D. (2010).  Legal decision making among Korean and American legal professionals and lay people.    International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 38. 175-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlcj.2011.01.004

Daftary-Kapur, T., Dumas, R. & Penrod, S.D. (2010).  Jury decision-making biases and methods to counter them.  Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15, 133-154.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/135532509x465624

see CV link below for older papers

Research

RESEARCH AND PROGRAM GRANTS

National Science Foundation. The responsibility of judges to assure due process: Tension among neutrality, rights protection, and role ($193,796, 07/15-06/16). With Larry Heuer.
National Science Foundation. Issue-Specific Jury Instructions ​($194,262, 09/12-08/15).
National Science Foundation. Factors influencing plea bargaining decisions by prosecutors and defense attorneys. ($93,200, 09/09-08/11).
National Science Foundation. Understanding the Impact on Juries Of Defense Responses To Victim Impact Statements.  ($245,813—8/08-8/11).
National Science Foundation, Field and Lab Studies of the Effects of Pretrial Publicity on Jurors’ Trial Judgments.  ($275,000, 8/1/06-7/31/08).

See CV link below for older grants
 

 

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