Spring 2015

Spring 2015

February 13 – Financing Terrorism with Juan Zarate

 Juan Zarate’s most recent book is the authoritative Treasury’s War: The Unleashing of a New Era of Financial Warfare.  His study has reimagined sanctions and other forms of financial pressures to exert on terrorist groups and thus creatively expanded this area of countering violent extremism.

Zarate presently serves as a senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) as well as the senior national security analyst for CBS News, and national security and financial integrity consultant.  He served as a deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor for combating terrorism from 2005 – 2009 during the George Bush Administration. He was responsible for implementing the U.S. government’s counter-terrorism policy and strategy related to transnational security threats.  He was the first assistant secretary of the treasury for terrorist financing and financial crimes and played a large role in the global hunt pertaining to Saddam Hussein’s assets.  Zarate is also a former federal prosecutor and served on several prosecution teams prior to 9/11, including the investigation into the USSCole attack. He has had a variety of news articles published in the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, Washington Quarterly, including but not limited to his own weekly national security program on CBSNews.com entitled Flash Points.  Zarate graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University; cum laude graduate status from Harvard Law School; and is presently a member of the California Bar.

 February 27 – Bringing Peace to Northern Ireland with John Thomas Alderdice; Baron Alderdice

 We are especially honored to have Lord Alderdice as our guest on February 27th.   He was one of the leading figures in the peace process in Northern Ireland and is widely recognized for his role in turning a land filled with anguish and violence into a complex but mostly nonviolent society.  Since his work in Northern Ireland, Lord Alderdice has assumed a post at Oxford University as a Research Associate in the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography as well as a Research Associate in the Department of Politics and International Relations.  Lord Alderdice also serves as the Director of the Center for the Resolution of Intractable Conflict (CRIC), which has been newly established at Harris Manchester College.

 Lord Alderdice received his education from Ballymena Academy in Northern Ireland and went on to study medicine at Queen’s University in Belfast.  He is a member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists in London. Lord Alderdice has been a member of the Alliance Party since 1978 after which he became and Alliance Party leader in 1987.  He was elected to Belfast City Council in 1989 and in 1988 he was appointed as Ireland’s first consultant psychotherapist.  He is an Honorary Senior Lecturer at Queens University and holds and Honorary Chair in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of San Marcos, Lima. Lord Alderdice founded the Northern Ireland Institute of Human Relations and from 1993-1997, served as Executive Medical Director of one of Northern Ireland’s largest health care trusts.  In 1999 he was awarded the Medal of Excellence from the College of Physicians of Peru, for his work in the field of psychoanalysis and conflict resolution.  He has served as Vice-President of Liberal International and became Chair of its Committee on Human Rights in 1999 after which he was elected Deputy President in 2000.  Lord Alderdice was also appointed as Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly in 1998 and held the office until 2004.  In 2003 he was appointed a Member of the Independent Monitoring Commission. He is currently Co-Chair of the Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Policy Committee on Northern Ireland and Convener of the Liberal Democrat Peers. Lord Alderdice has been awarded several honors including; the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Aware in 1998; the W. Averell Harriman Democracy Aware in 1998; the Silver Medal of Congress of Peru in 1999 and 2004, the Medal of Honor, College of Medicine of Peru 1999, and the Freedom of the City of Baltimore in 1991.

March 20 – The Struggle for Israel with Bruce Hoffman

Bruce Hoffman will present from his new book, “Anonymous Soldiers: The Struggle for Israel, 1917-1947” published by Knopf.  The book is a case study of how Britain responded to both Arab and Jewish terrorism during the period it governed Palestine after 1917.  It specifically asks the question whether terrorism is a successful strategy and, if so, under what circumstances and conditions.  This general issue of whether terrorism works is one that must be confronted and understood.

 As always, we will have copies of “Anonymous Soldiers” for sale at the seminar.

 Professor Hoffman is the author of the widely cited Inside Terrorism that has been described as the “best one volume introduction to this phenomenon” by the Washington Post, along with many other volumes and numerous articles.  He is one of a handful of truly outstanding scholars in the field.

 Having studied terrorism over 30 years, Hoffman is currently the Director of the Security Studies Program and Professor of Security Studies at Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in Washington DC.  He previously held the Corporate Chair in Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency at the RAND Corporation as well as RAND’s acting Director of the Center for Middle East Public Policy.  He served as a Scholar-In Residence at the CIA between 2004 and 2006; advisor on counterterrorism to the Office of National Security Affairs, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad, Iraq; an advisor on counterinsurgency to the Strategy and Analysis Office at Multi-National Forces-Iraq Headquarters in Baghdad; a member of the National Security Preparedness group, the successor to the 9/11 Commission; a Senior Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington DC; and a Senior Fellow at the US Military Academy, West Point.  He serves as a member of the Advisory Committee of the Terrorism and Counterterrorism Program for Human Rights Watch in New York City as well as a member of the Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs Home Team Academy Advisory Panel, a member of the Jamestown Foundation Board of Directors, a member of the board of advisors to the FBI Intelligence Analysts Association and the founding Director of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. 

April 17 – Media and Terrorism with Brigitte Nacos

 Brigitte Nacos received her PhD from Columbia University. She is a journalist, author, and for more than two decades an adjunct Professor of Political Science. She is the author of Mass-Mediated Terrorism: The Central Role of the Media in Terrorism and Counterterrorism; Selling Fear: Counterterrorism, the Media and Public Opinion; and Terrorism and Counterterrorism (4th Edition).She lectures frequently at the NATO “Centre of Excellence Defence Against Terrorism” in Ankara, Turkey, and is a member of the three-person Academic Advisory Board of the European Union-funded academic research network on “Violent Online Political Extremism and Responses to It.”

 May 1 – On the Ground with ISIS in Iraq with Scott Atran

Our colleague at John Jay, Scott Atran, recently spent several weeks on the front lines in Iraq with the Pesh Merga interviewing them and captured ISIS soldiers about their experiences, beliefs, commitments, and lives.  It was not always easy.  The enemy was a mere mile away, mortors exploded nearby, and at night ISIS fighters crept close and would engage in fighting at first light.  Professor Atran published several short pieces in the New York Times and elsewhere about his findings but in this seminar will talk at greater length about his experiences.  There is no one better informed about ISIS, and Atran’s first-hand account will provide our community an ususual opportunity to gain insight into this fearsome terrorist threat.

 Scott Atran, PhD., is Research Director in Anthropology at France’s National Center for Scientific Research, Institut Jean Nicod-Ecole Normale Supérieure, in Paris. He also holds positions as Presidential Scholar, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York; Senior Fellow, Harris Manchester College, Oxford Univ.; Visiting Prof., Psychology and Public Policy, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor; and Director of Research, ARTIS Research and Risk Modeling. For more information, see http://sitemaker.umich.edu/satran/home and http://artisresearch.com/

 Previously, Professor Atran was assistant to Dr. Margaret Mead at the American Museum of Natural History; Coordinator “Animal and Human Communication Program,” Royaumont Center for a Science of Man, Paris (Jacques Monod, Dir.); member of the Conseil Scientifique, Laboratoire d’Ethnobiologie-Biogéographie, Museum National D’Historie Naturelle, Paris; Visiting Lecturer, Dept. Social Anthropology, Cambridge Univ.; Chargé de Conférence, Collège International de Philosophie; member of the Centre de Recherche en Epistémologie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris; Visiting Prof., Truman Institute, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem; Leverhulme Distinguished Visiting Prof. of Anthropology, Univ. of London-Goldsmiths.

 Scott Atran is a recurrent contributor to the The New York Times, Foreign Policy and Psychology Today, as well as to professional journals such as Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and Behavioral and Brain Sciences. His publications include Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science (Cambridge Univ. Press), In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion (Oxford Univ. Press), The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature (MIT Press), and Talking to the Enemy: Faith, Brotherhood, and the (Un)Making of Terrorists (HarperCollins & Penguin). His work and life have been featured around the world, including a cover story of the New York Times Magazine and by Reuters, AP, Agence France-Presse, Wall Street JournalNewsweek, Time, Discover, Scientific American, New Scientist, The Guardian, Financial Times, El Mundo & El País (Spain), Nouvel Observateur & La Recherche (France), Der Spiegel (Germany), Il Sole 24 Ore (Italy), BBC World Service, CTV (Canada), NPR, ABC, MSNBC, FOX and CNN.