Eric Piza

Eric Piza

Eric L Piza
Associate Professor
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Rutgers University School of Criminal Justice

PhD in Criminal Justice (2012)



Dr.Eric L. Piza is an Associate Professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Eric’s previous professional positions include GIS Specialist of the Newark, NJ Police Department, Research Director for Crime Analytics of the Rutgers Center onPublic Security, and Research Program Coordinator of the Police Institute. Dr.Piza is involved in a number of applied research projects focusing on the spatial analysis of crime patterns, problem-oriented policing, crime control technology, and the integration of academic research and police practice. His recent research has appeared in peer-reviewed journals including Criminology, Criminology & Public Policy, Crime & Delinquency, Journal of Experimental Criminology, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, and Justice Quarterly. In support of his research, Dr. Piza has secured over $2.7 million in outside research grants, including awards from the National Institute of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, and Swedish National Council on Crime Prevention. In 2020, Diverse: Issues in Higher Education named Dr. Piza as one of 15 emerging scholars in the United States who are “changing our institutions and higher education for the better.” He was the 2017 recipient of the American Society of Criminology, Division of Policing’s Early Career Award, which recognizes outstanding scholarly contributions to the field of policing by someone who has recevied his or her Ph.D. degree within the last five years. He received his PhD from Rutgers University.

Scholarly Work

(*Indicates student co-author at time of manuscript preparation)

Piza, E. and Connealy, N. (2022). The Effect of the Seattle Police-Free CHOP Zone on Crime: A Microsynthetic Control Evaluation. Criminology & Public Policy. DOI: 10.1111/1745-9133.12570

Hatten, D.* and Piza, E. (2022). When Crime Moves Where Does It Go? Analyzing the Spatial Correlates of Robbery Incidents Displaced by a Place-Based Policing Intervention. Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency, 59(1): 128-162. (full text)

Thomas, A.*, Piza, E., Welsh, B. and Farrington, D. (2022). The Internationalization of CCTV Surveillance: Effects on Crime and Implications for Emerging Technologies. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 46(1): 81-102.

Quick, K.* and Piza, E. (2021). Police Officers’ Best Friend?: An Exploratory Analysis of the Effect of Service Dogs on Perceived Organizational Support in Policing. The Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles. DOI: 10.1177/0032258X211044711. (full text) (Open Access Post-print)

Piza, E., Szkola, J* and Blount-Hill, K.* (2021). How Can Embedded Criminologists, Police Pracademics, and Crime Analysts Help Increase Police-Led Program Evaluations? A Survey of Authors Cited in the Evidence-Based Policing Matrix. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 15(2): 1217-1231. (full text) (Open Access Post-print)

Chillar, V.*, Piza, E., and Sytsma, V. (2021). Conducting a Systematic Social Observation of Body-Camera Footage: Methodological and Practical Insights. Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice and Criminology. DOI: 10.21428/88de04a1.6642b3cd. (full text: Open Access)

Sytsma, V., Piza, E., Chillar, V.*, and Grossman, L. (2021). Measuring Procedural Justice Policy Adherence During Use of Force Events: The Body-Worn Camera as a Performance Monitoring Tool. Criminal Justice Policy Review. DOI: 10.1177/08874034211021894. (full text: Open Access)

Piza, E. (2021). The History, Policy Implications, and Knowledge Gaps of the CCTV Literature: Insights for the Development of Body-Worn Video Camera Research. International Criminal Justice Review, 31(3): 304-324. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Sytsma, V., Chillar, V.*, and Piza E. (2021). Scripting Police Escalation of Use of Force through Conjunctive Analysis of Body-Worn Camera Footage: A Systematic Social Observational Pilot Study. Journal of Criminal Justice. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2020.101776. (full text) (Open Access Post-Print)

Haberman, C., Hatten, D.*, Carter, J. and Piza, E. (2021). The Sensitivity of Repeat and Near Repeat Analysis to Geocoding Algorithms. Journal of Criminal Justice, 73: 1-12. (full text) (Open Access Post-Print)

Piza, E. and Chillar, V.* (2020). The Effect of Police Layoffs on Crime: A Natural Experiment Involving New Jersey’s Two Largest Cities. Justice Evaluation Journal. DOI: 10.1080/24751979.2020.1858697.

Kennedy, L., Caplan, J., Piza, E., and Thomas, A.* (2020). Environmental Factors Influencing Urban Homicide Clearance Rates: A Spatial Analysis of New York City. Homicide Studies. DOI: 10.1177/1088767920976183. (full text)

Hatten, D.* and Piza, E. (2020). Measuring the Temporal Stability of Near-Repeat Crime Patterns: A Longitudinal Analysis. Crime & Delinquency DOI: 10.1177/0011128720922545.  (full text) (Post-print)

Sytsma, V., Connealy, N.* and Piza, E. (2020). Environmental Predictors of a Drug Offender Crime Script: A Systematic Social Observation of Google Street View Images and CCTV Footage. Crime & Delinquency. DOI: 10.1177/0011128720910961 (full text)

Piza, E., Wheeler, A., Connealy, N.* and Feng, S.* (2020). The Crime Control Effects of a Police Sub-Station Within a Business-Improvement District: A Quasi-Experimental Synthetic Control Evaluation. Criminology & Public Policy, 19(2): 653-684. (full text)  (Open Access Post print)

Welsh, B., Piza, E., Thomas, A.* and Farrington, D. (2020). Private Security and CCTV Surveillance: A Systematic Review of Function and Performance. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 36(1): 56-69. (full text)

Connealy, N.*, Piza, E. and Hatten, D.* (2020). The Criminogenic Effect of Marijuana Dispensaries in Denver, Colorado: A Microsynthetic Control Quasi-Experiment and Cost-Benefit Analysis. Justice Evaluation Journal, 3(1): 69-93. (full text: open access)

Sytsma, V. and Piza, E. (2018). Quality over Quantity: Assessing the Impact of Frequent Public Interaction Compared to Problem-Solving Activities on Police Officer Job Satisfaction. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, DOI: 10.1093/police/pay033. (full text)

Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., Piza, E., and Barnum, J. (2019). Using Vulnerability and Exposure to Improve Robbery Prediction and Target Area Selection. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, DOI: 13(1): 113-136. (full text) (public read-only version)

Szkola, J.*, Piza, E. and Drawve, G. (2019). Risk Terrain Modeling: Seasonality and Predictive Validity. Justice Quarterly, DOI: 10.1080/07418825.2019.1630472. (full text)

Piza, E., Welsh, B., Farrington, D. and Thomas, A.* (2019). CCTV Surveillance for Crime Prevention: A 40-Year Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Criminology & Public Policy, 18(1): 135-159. (full text) (Open Access Post Print)

Connealy, N.* and Piza, E. (2019). Risk Factor and High-Risk Place Variations Across Different Robbery Targets in Denver, Colorado. Journal of Criminal Justice, 60: 47-56. (full text)

Carter, J., Piza, E. and Grommon, E. (2018). Leveraging Wireless Broadband to Improve Police Land Mobile Radio Programming: Estimating the Resource Impact. Journal of Crime and Justice, DOI: 10.1080/0735648X.2018.1554844. (full text)

Feng, S.*, Piza, E., Kennedy, L. and Caplan, J. (2019). Aggravating Effects of Alcohol Outlet Types on Street Robbery and Aggravated Assault in New York City. Journal of Crime and Justice, DOI: 10.1080/0735648X.2018.1559076. (full text)

Piza, E., Kennedy, L., and Caplan, J. (2018). Facilitators and Impediments to Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating Risk-Based Policing Strategies Using Risk Terrain Modeling: Insights from a Multi-City Evaluation in the United States. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, DOI: 10.1007/s10610-017-9367-9. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E. and Carter, J. (2018). Predicting Initiator and Near Repeat Events in Spatiotemporal Crime Patterns: An Analysis of Residential Burglary and Motor Vehicle Theft. Justice Quarterly, 35(5): 842-870. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E. and Gilchrist, A.* (2018). Measuring the Effect Heterogeneity of Police Enforcement Actions Across Spatial Contexts. Journal of Criminal Justice, 54: 76-87. (full text: OpenAccess)

Piza, E. (2018). The Effect of Various Police Enforcement Actions on Violent Crime: Evidence from a Saturation Foot-Patrol Intervention. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 29(6-7): 611-629. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E. (2018). The Crime Prevention Effect of CCTV in Public Places: A Propensity Score Analysis. Journal of Crime and Justice, 41(1): 14-30. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Sytsma, V. and Piza, E. (2018). Script Analysis of Open-Air Drug Selling: A Systematic Social Observation of CCTV Footage. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 55(1): 78-102. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Shane, J., Piza, E., and Silva, J.* (2018). Piracy for Ransom: The Implications for Situational Crime Prevention. Security Journal, 31(2). (full text)

Kurland, J. and Piza, E. (2018). The Devil You Don’t Know: A Spatial Analysis of Crime at Newark’s Prudential Center on Hockey Game Days. Journal of Sport Safety and Security, 3(1): Article 1. (full text: OpenAccess)

Sytsma, V. and Piza, E. (2018). The Influence of Job Assignment on Community Engagement: Bicycle Patrol and Community-Oriented Policing. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 19(4): 347-364. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E. and Feng, S.* (2017). The Current and Potential Role of Crime Analysts in Evaluations of Police Interventions: Results from a Survey of the International Association of Crime Analysts. Police Quarterly, 20(4): 339-366. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Carter, J. and Piza, E. (2017). Spatiotemporal Convergence of Crime and Vehicle Crash Hot Spots: Additional Consideration for Policing Places. Crime & Delinquency, DOI: 10.1177/0011128717714793. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E., Caplan, J., and Kennedy, L. (2017). CCTV as a Tool for Early Police Intervention: Preliminary Lessons from Nine Case Studies. Security Journal, 30(1): 247-265. (full text)  (CUNY repository)

Schnell, C.*, Braga, A., and Piza, E. (2017). The Influence of Community Areas, Neighborhood Clusters, and Street Segments on the Spatial Variability of Violent Crime in Chicago. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 33(3): 469-496. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E., Feng, S.*, Kennedy, L. and Caplan, J. (2017). Place-Based Correlates of Motor Vehicle Theft and Recovery: Measuring Spatial Influence Across Neighbourhood Context. Urban Studies, 54(13): 2998-3021. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., Barnum, J.*, and Piza, E. (2017). Crime in Context: Utilizing Risk Terrain Modeling and Conjunctive Analysis of Case Configurations to Explore the Dynamics of Criminogenic Behavior Settings. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 33(2): 133-151. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Barnum, J.*, Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., and Piza, E. (2017). The Crime Kaleidoscope: A Cross-Jurisdictional Analysis of Place Features and Crime in Three Urban Environments. Applied Geography, 79: 203-211. (full text) (CUNY repository) 

Piza, E. and Sytsma, V. (2016). Exploring the Defensive Actions of Drug Sellers in Open-Air Markets: A Systematic Social Observation. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53(1): 36-65. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E., Gilchrist, A.*, Caplan, J., Kennedy, L. and O’Hara, B.  (2016). The Financial Implications of Merging Proactive CCTV Monitoring and Directed Police Patrol: A Cost-Benefit Analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 12(3): 403-429. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Kennedy, L., Caplan, J., Piza, E., and Buccine-Schraeder, H.* (2016). Vulnerability and Exposure to Crime: Applying Risk Terrain Modeling to the Study of Assault in Chicago. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 9(4): 529-548. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Papachristos, A., Braga, A., Piza, E., and Grossman, L.* (2015). The Company You Keep? The Spillover Effects of Gang Membership on Individual Gunshot Victimization in Social Networks. Criminology, 53(4): 624-649. (full text)

Piza, E., Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., and Gilchrist, A.* (2015). The Effects of Merging Proactive CCTV Monitoring with Directed Police Patrol: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 11(1): 43-69. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Salvemini, A., Piza, E., Carter, J., Grommon, E., and Merritt, N. (2015). Integrating Human Factors Engineering and Information Processing Approaches to Facilitate Evaluations in the Criminal Justice Technology Research. Evaluation Review, 39(3): 308-338. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Shane, J., Piza, E., and Mandala, M.* (2015). Situational Crime Prevention and Worldwide Piracy: A Cross-Continent Analysis. Crime Science, 4(1): 1-13. (full text: OpenAccess)

Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., Barnum, J.* and Piza, E. (2015). Risk Terrain Modeling for Spatial Risk Assessment. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research, 17(1): 7-16. (full text: OpenAccess)

Caplan, J., Marotta, P.*, Piza, E., and Kennedy, L. (2014). Spatial Risk Factors of Felonious Battery to Police Officers.  Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 37(4): 823-838. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E., Caplan, J. and Kennedy, L. (2014). Analyzing the Influence of Micro-Level Factors on CCTV Camera Effect. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 30(2): 237-264. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E., Caplan, J. and Kennedy, L. (2014). Is the Punishment More Certain? An Analysis of CCTV Detections and Enforcement. Justice Quarterly, 31(6): 1015-1043. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Moreto, W.*, Piza, E., and Caplan, J. (2014). A Plague on Both Your Houses? Risks, Repeats, and Reconsiderations of Urban Residential Burglary. Justice Quarterly, 31(6): 1102-1126. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Piza, E. and O’Hara, B. (2014). Saturation Foot Patrol in a High-Violence Area: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation. Justice Quarterly, 31(4): 693-718. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Boxer, P., Sloan-Power, E., Piza, E., and Schappell, A.* (2014). A New Method for Measuring Children’s Exposure to Violence and Evaluation Relations Between their Exposure and Mental Health. Violence and Victims, 29(1): 24-33. (full text)

Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., and Piza, E. (2013). Joint Utility of Event Dependent and Contextual Crime Analysis Techniques for Violent Crime Forecasting. Crime & Delinquency, 59(2): 243-270. (full text) (CUNY repository)

Kennedy, L., Caplan, J. and Piza, E. (2011). Risk Clusters, Hotspots, and Spatial Intelligence: Risk Terrain Modeling as an Algorithm for Police Resource Allocation Strategies. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 27(3): 339-362. (full text) (CUNY repository

Research Summary


Co-Principal Investigator: U.S. Department of State ($306,720)

-Western Hemisphere Regional Transnational Crime Assessment and Analysis


Principal Investigator: National Institute of Justice, Investigator-Initiated Research and Evaluation on Firearm Violence ($503,305)

-The Impact of Gunshot Detection Technology on Gun Violence in Kansas City and Chicago: A Multi-Pronged Synthetic Control Evaluation


Principal Investigator: The Charles Koch Foundation, Criminal Justice & Policing Reform Program ($110,000)

-Identifying Situational Determinants of Police Use of Force: A Systematic Social Observation of Body Camera Footage in Newark, NJ


Principal Investigator: City of Paterson, NJ Police Department ($146,851)

-Developing and Evaluating a Data-Driven Approach to Address the Opioid Epidemic


Co-Principal Investigator: The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå)


-The Effect of CCTV on Crime and Perceptions of Safety: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis


Co-Principal Investigator: Bureau of Justice Assistance, Body-Worn Camera Policy and Implementation Program

[2017-BC-BX-0045] ($496,920)

- Newark Police Department Body-Worn Camera Evaluation


Co-Principal Investigator: National Institute of Justice, Testing Geospatial Predictive Policing Strategies


-Title: Policing by Place. A Multi-Level Analysis of the Effectiveness of Risk Terrain Modeling for Allocating Police Resources inNew York City

Project Period: 2014-2017

Co-Principal Investigator: National Institute of Justice, Testing Geospatial Police Strategies and Exploring their Relationship to Criminological Theories


-Title: A Multi-Jurisdictional Test of Risk Terrain Modeling and a Place-Based Evaluation of Environmental Risk-Based Patrol Deployment Strategies

Project Period: 2013-2015 

Co-Principal Investigator (for Newark Police Department): National Institute of Justice, Research on Policing

[2010-IJ-CX-0026] ($188,620)

-Title: Detection of crime, resource deployment, and predictors of success: A multi-level analysis of CCTV in Newark, NJ 

Project Period: 2011-2013


Area of Expertise

Faculty Expertise: topics/keywords

Spatial Analysis
Crime Control Technology
Problem Oriented Policing
Evidence-Based Policing
GIS Mapping
Online Presence

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