Lauren R. Shapiro, Ph.D.

Lauren R. Shapiro, Ph.D.

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR
Phone number: 
212-237-8380
Room number and address: 
43.313 HAAREN HALL

Education

 

             2009   M.S. in Criminal Justice (Law); Indiana State University

             When does disparity mean discrimination? An examination of defendant race, juror race, and    race-stereotypical crimes on juridical    decisions.

            1990   Ph.D. in Psychology (Cognitive-Development); Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

            Developmental differences in children's ability to produce structurally coherent and linguistically cohesive personal narratives and stories.

            1985   M.S. in Experimental Psychology; Ohio University

           Family environment as a mediator in the maintenance of behavioral changes one year after a  moral intervention program.

1983   B.A. in Psychology; Early Childhood Education; Buffalo, State University of New York

Bio

           Dr. Lauren R. Shapiro is an Associate Professor at the Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management.  She has a Doctorate in Philosophy from Rutgers University, specializing in Cognitive Developmental Psychology, a Masters in Science from Indiana University in Criminal Justice, a Masters in Art from Ohio University in Experimental Psychology, and undergraduate degrees in both Early Childhood Education and in Psychology from SUNY-Buffalo. Dr. Shapiro has taught at a number of colleges and universities. She had been teaching Criminal Justice courses as full time faculty at King Graduate School of Monroe College for several years prior to joining John Jay College in the spring of 2015 as an Adjunct and as full-time faculty in the fall of 2015. Dr. Shapiro had also served as Adjunct faculty at Colorado State University Global Campus, teaching and designing courses in Criminal Justice and in Human Development for undergraduate and graduate students.

In 2015, Dr. Shapiro co-published a book with Jones and Bartless entitled, Multidisciplinary investigation of child maltreatment, with Dr. Marie-Helen Maras. She is currently co-editing  Encylopedia of Security and Emergency Management, which covers multiple chapters ideal for students and new professionals.  Dr. Shapiro has also published in peer-reviewed academic journal, encyclopedias, online journals, and trade magazines, as well as provided chapters for edited volumes.  In 2008-2009, she served as an extern with the Honorable Ralph Erickson in the U.S. District Court of North Dakota, Fargo, and as an intern with the Fargo Police Department.  Dr. Shapiro has done pro-bono work consulting with officials in the police, sheriff, and district attorney departments and with psychologists, as well as in-service workshops for those who work with children, including child care and social service workers.

                                                                                    CRIMINAL JUSTICE EXPERIENCE 

                 Extern                   

                 Honorable Ralph Erickson, U.S. District Court of North Dakota, Fargo, ND [April-May 2009].

DUTIES: Received training in using WestLaw on the computer; looked up precedents for ongoing drug trafficking cases; wrote report for case involving insurance; observed in court and in chambers; contributed to group meetings for new cases.

                 Intern                 

                 Fargo Police Department, Fargo, ND [December 2008-March 2009].

          DUTIES: Received training in every area of the department including Records (entered records for incident reports on computer); Property/Evidence (learned how to enter evidence in records, place in bins, put on shelf); Forensics lab (reviewed current cases); Arson (reviewed current and past cases with Fire Dept. Arson Investigator); Investigations (read reports for robbery; printed requested records and search warrants for suspects; entered data on computer; reviewed cases of abuse, rape, burglary; observed interrogations); Child Advocacy Center Forensic Team (interview of 3-year-old abuse victim; tour of center; spoke to physician and interviewers); Dispatch/911 (learned the codes and responses, directing officers/fire fighters/ambulance to incidents called in); Training Center (learned how officers are given training in defensive tactics, firearms, emergency vehicle operation, and investigation); Traffic (went with officers in field); K-9 Unit and Patrol (went with officers into field, including for morning briefing, arrest, routine patrol, bank robbery, EMT calling in DOA, domestic dispute; felony warrant etc.); CHARISM (Crime Prevention Unit to reduce property crimes and theft plus Business Watch to help stores reduce shrinkage; accompanied officers to school to meet with parents to discuss online safety for children; Cultural Liaison Office to work with officers helping refugees acclimate to the area); Front Desk (assisted in answering questions, directing people to departments; registering sex offenders in new addresses; observed police officer job interviews); Civilian (animal control, parking violations, messenger duty); SRO (high school officer did safety talks, drug searches, etc. in the high school).  Also worked with City Prosecutor to learn the process for filing and prosecuting cases and observed in court.

CERTIFICATES

                First responder-Terrorism Awareness Program core, RCMP, Ottawa, Canada (2018).

                Custody Investigator, Fargo, ND (2008).

                Special Education Advocate, Topeka, KS (2005).

                Video production and editing course, Emporia State University, (1999).

                Court Appointed Special Advocate. Fort Lauderdale, FL (1996).

PRO-BONO CONSULTING

Clients received advice regarding children’s abilities to testify about their own abuse, currently and in the past, children’s developmental physical capacity, and criminal identification procedures.

                  Bronx District Attorney’s Office, Child Abuse/Sex Crimes Unit, Bronx, NY [August 2012 to present]        

                  Center of Change (Dr. Meriweather), Topeka, KS [2007-2008]   

                  Lyon County Sheriff’s Department [2000-2008]           

                  Emporia Police Department, Emporia, KS [2000-2008]           

 

PRO-BONO TRAINING WORKSHOPS

Shapiro, L.R. & Maras, M-H. (2011, October).  Forensic Interviewing – Effective Techniques and Legal Aspects. Administration for Children’s Services Children’s Center, Bronx, NY.

Maras, M-H & Shapiro, L. (2011, August).  Forensic Interviewing – Effective Techniques and Legal Aspects. Administration for Children’s Services Children’s Center, New York, NY.

Maras, M-H & Shapiro, L.R. (2010, November).  Children as Eyewitnesses: Descriptions and Identification Accuracy.  NYC Administration for Children’s Services, Bronx, NY. 

Maras, M-H. & Shapiro, L.R. (2010, September).  Forensic Interviewing.  NYC Administration for Children’s Services, Bronx, NY.

Shapiro, L.R. (2006, November). Tuning into infants.  In-service for Infant /Toddler Teachers conducted at Hope Street Academy, Topeka, KS, Nov.

Shapiro, L.R. (2002, January).  Effective Discipline: How to teach children.  Workshop conducted for Child Care Providers, Emporia State University.

Shapiro, L.R. (2001, November).  Effective Discipline: How to teach children.  Workshop conducted for Child Care Providers, Emporia State University.

Shapiro, L.R. (1999, March).  Behavior Modification and Discipline.  Workshop conducted for the single parents group, Emporia State University, March.

Shapiro, L.R. (1995, June).  Remembering Events: Classroom techniques for taking advantage of children’s knowledge.  Workshop conducted at Glenwood Elementary School, Chapel Hill, NC.

Shapiro, L.R. (1995, May).  Remembering Events: Classroom techniques for taking advantage of children’s knowledge.  Workshop conducted at Seawell Elementary School, Chapel Hill, NC.

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOPS

Shapiro, L. & Maras, M-H. (2015, December 4).  Forensic Interviewing and Investigations for Justice and Security Professionals.  Training given at the Center for Private Security and Safety, Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. 

Shapiro, L. & Maras, M-H. (2014, September 17).  Forensic Interviewing.  Training given at the Center for Private Security and Safety, Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. 

Shapiro, L.R. (2005, September).   How to bias eyewitness testimony (especially in children).  Workshop conducted at Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

 

Course Taught

Undergraduate Courses:

SEC101 Introduction to Security;

SEC270/CSCI270 Security of Computers and their Data;

SEC310 Emergency Planning;

SEC320 Private Security: Trends and movements;

FIS401 Seminar in Fire Protection Problems;

SEC405 Seminar in Security Problems;

HON 401 Honors Capstone Seminar: Research and the Theme of the Common Good.

Graduate Courses:

SEC 715 Analytical Methods in Protection;

SEC 740 Safety and Security in the Built Environment.      

Scholarly Work

Books

Shapiro, L.R. & Maras, M-H.  (2016).  Multidisciplinary investigation of child maltreatment.  MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Shapiro, L.R. & Maras, M-H. (Editors). (2018).  Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management. Springer Publications. [Chapters published live! August 2018]

Journal Articles

    Shapiro, L.R., & Maras, M-H. (2018).  Women’s radicalization to religious terrorism: An examination of ISIS cases in U.S. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Special Issue. https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2018.1513694  (7 November 2018 online)

Shapiro, L.R., & Brooks, E. (2018). Effects of cognitive schemas on children’s testimony for a simulated theft. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 57, 1-15. Doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2018.05.002

Shapiro, L.R., Maras, M-H., Velotti, L., Pickman, S., Wei, H-L, & Till, R. (2018).  Trojan horse risks in the maritime transportation sector. Journal of Transportation Security, 11 (3-4), 65-83. DOI 10.1007/s12198-018-0191-3(10 May 2018, online).

Maras, M-H., & Shapiro, L.R.  (2017). Child sex dolls and robots: More than just an uncanny valley.  Journal of Internet Law, 21(6), 3-21.

Shapiro, L.R. (2009).  Eyewitness testimony for a simulated juvenile crime by male and female perpetrators with gender-role consistent or inconsistent characteristics.  Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30 (6), 649-666.

Shapiro, L.R. (2006).  The effects of question type and eyewitness temperament on accuracy and quantity of recall for a simulated misdemeanor crime.   Emporia State Research Studies, 43, 1-7; http://www.emporia.edu/esrs/vol43/vol43.htm.

Shapiro, L.R.  (2006).  Remembering September 11th: The role of retention interval and rehearsal on flashbulb and event memory.   Memory, 14, 129-145.

Shapiro, L.R.  & Purdy, T. (2005).  Suggestibility and source monitoring errors: Blame the interview style, interviewer consistency, and the child's personality.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 489-506.

Shapiro, L.R., Blackford, C., & Chen, C-F. (2005).  Eyewitness memory for a simulated misdemeanor crime:  The role of age and temperament in suggestibility.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 267-289.

Shapiro, L.R., & Hudson, J.A.  (2004).  Effects of internal and external supports on preschool children's event planning.  Journal of Applied Development Psychology, 25, 49-73.

Hendrickson, V., & Shapiro, L.R.  (2001). Cohesive reference devices in children’s personal narratives.  Journal of Psychological Inquiry, 6, 17-22.

Hudson, J.A., Shapiro, L.R., & Sosa, B.  (1995).   Planning in the Real World: Preschool children's scripts and plans for familiar events.  Child Development, 66, 984-998.

 Shapiro, L.R. & Hudson, J.A.  (1991).  Tell me a make-believe story:  Coherence and cohesion in young children's picture-elicited narratives.  Developmental Psychology, 27, 960-974.

Chapters in Edited Volumes

Ornstein, P.A., Shapiro, L.R., Clubb, P.A., Follmer, A., & Baker-Ward, L.  (1997).  The influence of prior knowledge on children’s memory for salient medical experiences (pp. 83-111).  In N.L. Stein, P.A. Ornstein, C.J. Brainerd, & B. Tversky (Eds.), Memory for everyday and emotional events.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Hudson, J.A., Sosa, B., & Shapiro, L.R.  (1997).  Scripts and plans:  The development of children’s event knowledge and event planning.  In S.L. Friedman & E.K. Scholnick (Eds.), Why, how, and when do we plan?  The developmental psychology of planning (pp. 77-102).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Shapiro, L.R., & Hudson, J.A.  (1997).  Coherence and cohesion in children’s event narratives (pp. 23-48).  In J. Costerman & M. Fayol (Eds.), Processing interclausal relationships in the production and comprehension of text.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Hudson, J.A. & Shapiro, L.R.  (1991).  From knowing to telling:  The development of children's scripts, stories, and personal narratives.  In A. McCabe & C. Peterson (Eds.), Developing narrative structure (pp. 89-136). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Encyclopedia Entries

Shapiro, L.R. (2018). Retail shrink: Shoplifting. In L.R. Shapiro and M-H. Maras (eds.), Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-69891-5_56-1

Shapiro, L.R. (in press). Retail shrink: Employee Theft. In L.R. Shapiro and M-H. Maras (eds.), Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management. Springer.

Shapiro, L.R. (in press). Gender stereotypes and criminal offending.  Encyclopedia of Women and Crime.  Wiley-Blackwell.

Shapiro, L.R. (in press). Memory and child abuse.  Encyclopedia of Women and Crime. Wiley-Blackwell.

Professional Journal/Magazine Contributions

Maras, M-H., Shapiro, L.R., Velotti, L., Pickman, S., Wei, H-L, & Till, R. (2018, April).  On a sea of risk.  Security Management, 62(4), 62-70.

Maras, M-H. & Shapiro, L.R. (2018, January 24). ‘Shadow” trade in child sex dolls should be banned, say Profs.  The Crime Report. Accessed at https://thecrimereport.org/2018/01/24/the-growing-danger-of-child-sex-dolls.

Shapiro, L.R., & Maras, M-H (2017, April). Stereotypes affect surveillance.  Security Management, 61(4), 44-49.

Shapiro, L.R.  (2001, March).  No expert for cross-racial id: Less reliability a common belief.  Commentary in The Forensic Panel Letter (3 pp.).

Shapiro, L.R. (2000).   Cases in the headlines: Police Shootings, Community Controversy...Forensic Answers [Commentary on Weatherrred v State of Texas].  The Forensic Echo, June.

Shapiro, L.R.  (1998, August).  Deja View?  Photo bias and the eyewitness.  The Forensic Echo, 2(9), 4-5.

Shapiro, L.R.  (1998, December).  Two heads better than one.  The Forensic Echo, 3 (1), 21.

PUBLISHED ABSTRACTS

Shapiro, L.R., & Brown, A.  (2007).  The role of criminal stereotypes on interpretation and recall of juvenile crime.  Emporia State University Research and Creativity Forum, 2007, 8.

Poire, K. M., Brown, A., & Shapiro, L.R.  (2007).  Effects of criminal stereotypes on interpretation and recall.  Great Plains Student Conference.

Shapiro, L.R., Hansen, T., & Polage, D.  (2005). International study of flashbulb and event memory of 9/11.  Proceedings for European Society for Cognitive Psychology, 14, 71.

Shapiro, L.R., Blackford, C., & Chen, C-F. (2005).  Eyewitness memory for a simulated misdemeanor crime:  The role of age and temperament in suggestibility.  APLS newsletter, 25 (2), 18

Shapiro, L.R.  & Purdy, T. (2005).  Suggestibility and source monitoring errors: Blame the interview style, interviewer consistency, and the child's personality.  APLS newsletter, 25 (2), 18

Shapiro, L.R., & Haugen, E.H.  (2003).  The effect of time on flashbulb memory for September 11thAbstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 52.

Shapiro, L.R., & Haugen, E.M.  (2003).  The effects of group collaboration on eyewitness testimony and identification. Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 26.

Shapiro, L.R., & Lewellen, L.  (2003).  “That’s the wrong song:”  Interviewer role and question type on children’s autobiographic memory.  Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 48.

Shapiro, L.R., & Palmer, C.L.  (2003).  A trip to the park: The role of emotion in children’s recall.  Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 17.

Ridgway, C., Shapiro, L.R., & West, A.  (2001).   Effect of Eyewitness Collaboration on Recall and Identification.  Abstracts of the Association for Psychological and Educational Research in Kansas, 11.

Blackford, C., & Shapiro, L.R.  (1999).  Implanting false memories:  The effect of age, temperament, and type of question in children’s eyewitness testimony.   Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 3, 16.

Brooks, E., & Shapiro, L.R.  (1999).  How do gender stereotypes affect children’s testimony?  Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 3, 16.

Chen, C-F, & Shapiro, L.R.  (1999).  Misleading questions:  Developmental and temperamental differences in the retrieval of children’s delayed event memory.  Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 3, 16.

Palmer, C., James, T., Bowe, M., & Shapiro, L.  (1999).  Eyewitness testimony and criminal identification by adolescents and young adults. Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 3, 16.

Burress, J., James, T., & Shapiro, L.  (1999).  The Effect of Temperament on Suggestibility.  Abstracts of the Great Plains Student Convention, 19, 28.

Shapiro, L.R., Blackford, C., Brooks, E., & Chen, C-F (1997). Remembering Jesse’s birthday party:  The effects of single and repeated interviews on recall of atypical features.  Abstracts of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 2, 33.

Shapiro, L.R.  (1991).   Development in children's storytelling.  Abstracts of the Eastern Psychological Associations, 62.

Shapiro, L.R. & Hudson, J.A.  (1990).  Holding it all together:  Cohesive devices in young children's stories.   The Genetic Epistemologist, 18 (1), 23.

Shapiro, L.R. & Hudson, J.A. (1989).  Preschool children's picture-elicited narratives.  Abstracts of the Eastern Psychological Associations, 60, 19.

Shapiro, L.R. & Hudson, J.A. (1989). Coherence and cohesion in preschool children's picture-elicited narratives.  Abstracts of the Society for Research in Child Development, Kansas City, Missouri, 6, 370; also Resources in Education, June 1990, ED 317 284.

Shapiro, L.R. & Strommen, E.F. (1989).  The relationship between young children's drawings and verbal descriptions of a common object.  Abstracts of the Society for Research in Child Development, Kansas City, Missouri, 6, 370.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                          

Research Summary

Research projects

Shapiro, L.R. Socialized online: How early use of social media and the internet endangers the safety and security of our youth.  [research in progress]

Shapiro, L.R., & Douglas, A. Societal stereotypes of juvenile offenders and their influence on hiring young adult ex-convicts. [research in progress]

Shapiro, L.R., & Alexandrou, A.  Cybersecurity: What schools should know about students’ use of the internet.  [research in progress]

In The Media

Print/Online

NEWSPAPER/NEWSLETTER INTERVIEWS

I was interviewed with Marie-Helen Maras regarding the need for legislation to ban child sex dolls and robots from manufacture, distribution, and possession in USA.     

*Stadtmiller, M.  (2018, February 12).  Child sex robots are coming to America. Can we stop them before it’s too late?  The Daily Beast, Accessed at https://www.thedailybeast.com/child-sex-robots-are-coming-to-america-can-we-stop-them-before-its-too-late

*Lloyd, A.B. (2018, March 15). Congressman. Child sex dolls are coming-and we’re not ready. The Weekly Standard. Accessed at: http://www.weeklystandard.com/congressman-child-sex-dolls-are-coming-and-were-not-ready/article/2011945

I was interviewed by the Emporia State University paper regarding my service to the school advising student, proposals for renovations, and balancing work with family.                           

            *SHEPHERDS' SCHOLARS, The Emporia State University Bulletin, May 2004.

            *SIGMA XI, The Emporia State University Bulletin, May 2003.

*CDC MAKES PROPOSAL FOR BUTCHER SPACE, The Emporia State University Bulletin, January 2003.

*COLLEGE TO CRIBS: FACULTY AND THEIR KIDS. The Emporia State University Bulletin, November 2002.

I was interviewed by the Emporia State University paper regarding my research.

*FLASHBULB MEMORIES: SEPT 11 LEAVES LASTING IMPACT, The Emporia State University Bulletin (2003, February)

*EYEWITNESS RESEARCH FOCUSES ON CHILDREN, The Emporia State University Bulletin, (2002, September).

I was interviewed by the Emporia State University paper regarding my knowledge for child development.

            *TWIN TALK, The Emporia State University Bulletin (2000, September).

I was interviewed by a Forensic group who advised criminal justice professionals regarding police shootings in NYC.

            *CASES IN THE HEADLINES: Police Shootings, Community Controversy...Forensic Answers,

            The Forensic Panel Letter (2000, June).

TELEVISION AND RADIO INTERVIEWS

Maras, M-H. and Shapiro, L.R. Interview by Russo, M.  (aired 2018, April 27).  Social media’s dirty secret. I-Team, NBC 11pm nightly news.  Live interview discussing the need to extend proposed CREEPER legislation to close our ports.

Shapiro, L.R. (2003, February). Flashbulb memories for 9/11.  KVOE Radio, Emporia, KS.  Live interview discussing what people remember about disasters, particularly 9/11 but also Columbia shuttle which occurred days before the interview.

Shapiro, L.R. and Haugen, E. (2003, February). Flashbulb memories for 9/11.  NBC Morning Show (Topeka, KS Channel 27).  Live interview discussing what people remember about 9/11 based on our research.