Lauren R. Shapiro, Ph.D.

Lauren R. Shapiro, Ph.D.

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2009               M.S. in Criminal Justice; Indiana State University

When does disparity mean discrimination? An examination of defendant race, juror race, and race-stereotypical crimes on juridical decisions.  

1993-1995      Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Carolina Consortium on Human Development, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina;   Supervisor: Dr. Peter Ornstein.

1990-1991       Postdoctoral Research Associate, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, National Institute of Child Health and Human                         Development; grant, Planning in the preschool years, awarded to Dr. Judith Hudson.

1990                Ph.D. in Cognitive-Developmental Psychology; Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Developmental differences in children's ability to produce structurally coherent and linguistically cohesive personal narratives and stories.

1985               M.S. in Experimental Psychology; Ohio University

      Family environment as a mediator in the maintenance of behavioral changes one year after a  moral intervention program

1983               B.A. in Psychology; Early Childhood Education; Buffalo, State University of New  York



           Dr. Lauren R. Shapiro is an Associate Professor at the Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management.  She has a Doctorate in Philosophy from Rutgers University, specializing in Cognitive Developmental Psychology, a Masters in Science from Indiana University in Criminal Justice, a Masters in Art from Ohio University in Experimental Psychology, and undergraduate degrees in both Early Childhood Education and in Psychology from SUNY-Buffalo. Dr. Shapiro has taught at a number of colleges and universities. She had been teaching Criminal Justice courses as full time faculty at King Graduate School of Monroe College for several years prior to joining John Jay College in the spring of 2015 as an Adjunct and as full-time faculty in the fall of 2015. Dr. Shapiro had also served as Adjunct faculty at Colorado State University Global Campus, teaching and designing courses in Criminal Justice and in Human Development for undergraduate and graduate students.

In 2015, Dr. Shapiro co-published a book with Jones and Bartless entitled, Multidisciplinary investigation of child maltreatment, with Dr. Marie-Helen Maras. She has also published in peer-reviewed academic journal, encyclopedias, online journals, and trade magazines, as well as provided chapters for edited volumes.  In 2008-2009, she served as an extern with the Honorable Ralph Erickson in the U.S. District Court of North Dakota, Fargo, and as an intern with the Fargo Police Department.  Dr. Shapiro has done pro-bono work consulting with officials in the police, sheriff, and district attorney departments and with psychologists, as well as in-service workshops for those who work with children, including child care and social service workers.

                                                                             CRIMINAL JUSTICE EXPERIENCE 


                 Honorable Ralph Erickson, U.S. District Court of North Dakota, Fargo, ND [April-May 2009].

DUTIES: Received training in using WestLaw on the computer; looked up precedents for ongoing drug trafficking cases; wrote report for case involving insurance; observed in court and in chambers; contributed to group meetings for new cases.


                 Fargo Police Department, Fargo, ND [December 2008-March 2009].

          DUTIES: Received training in every area of the department including Records (entered records for incident reports on computer); Property/Evidence (learned how to enter evidence in records, place in bins, put on shelf); Forensics lab (reviewed current cases); Arson (reviewed current and past cases with Fire Dept. Arson Investigator); Investigations (read reports for robbery; printed requested records and search warrants for suspects; entered data on computer; reviewed cases of abuse, rape, burglary; observed interrogations); Child Advocacy Center Forensic Team (interview of 3-year-old abuse victim; tour of center; spoke to physician and interviewers); Dispatch/911 (learned the codes and responses, directing officers/fire fighters/ambulance to incidents called in); Training Center (learned how officers are given training in defensive tactics, firearms, emergency vehicle operation, and investigation); Traffic (went with officers in field); K-9 Unit and Patrol (went with officers into field, including for morning briefing, arrest, routine patrol, bank robbery, EMT calling in DOA, domestic dispute; felony warrant etc.); CHARISM (Crime Prevention Unit to reduce property crimes and theft plus Business Watch to help stores reduce shrinkage; accompanied officers to school to meet with parents to discuss online safety for children; Cultural Liaison Office to work with officers helping refugees acclimate to the area); Front Desk (assisted in answering questions, directing people to departments; registering sex offenders in new addresses; observed police officer job interviews); Civilian (animal control, parking violations, messenger duty); SRO (high school officer did safety talks, drug searches, etc. in the high school).  Also worked with City Prosecutor to learn the process for filing and prosecuting cases and observed in court.


         Custody Investigator, Fargo, ND (2008).

Special Education Advocate, Topeka, KS (2005).

Court Appointed Special Advocate (Certificate). Fort Lauderdale, FL (1996).


Clients received advice regarding children’s abilities to testify about their own abuse, currently and in the past, children’s developmental physical capacity, and criminal identification procedures.

                  Bronx District Attorney’s Office, Child Abuse/Sex Crimes Unit, Bronx, NY [August 2012 to present]        

                  Center of Change (Dr. Meriweather), Topeka, KS [2007-2008]   

                  Lyon County Sheriff’s Department [2000-2008]           

                  Emporia Police Department, Emporia, KS [2000-2008]           



Shapiro, L.R. & Maras, M-H. (2011, October).  Forensic Interviewing – Effective Techniques and Legal Aspects. Administration for Children’s Services Children’s Center, Bronx, NY.

Maras, M-H & Shapiro, L. (2011, August).  Forensic Interviewing – Effective Techniques and Legal Aspects. Administration for Children’s Services Children’s Center, New York, NY.

Maras, M-H & Shapiro, L.R. (2010, November).  Children as Eyewitnesses: Descriptions and Identification Accuracy.  NYC Administration for Children’s Services, Bronx, NY. 

Maras, M-H. & Shapiro, L.R. (2010, September).  Forensic Interviewing.  NYC Administration for Children’s Services, Bronx, NY.

Shapiro, L.R. (2006, November). Tuning into infants.  In-service for Infant /Toddler Teachers conducted at Hope Street Academy, Topeka, KS, Nov.

Shapiro, L.R. (2002, January).  Effective Discipline: How to teach children.  Workshop conducted for Child Care Providers, Emporia State University.

Shapiro, L.R. (2001, November).  Effective Discipline: How to teach children.  Workshop conducted for Child Care Providers, Emporia State University.

Shapiro, L.R. (1999, March).  Behavior Modification and Discipline.  Workshop conducted for the single parents group, Emporia State University, March.

Shapiro, L.R. (1995, June).  Remembering Events: Classroom techniques for taking advantage of children’s knowledge.  Workshop conducted at Glenwood Elementary School, Chapel Hill, NC.

Shapiro, L.R. (1995, May).  Remembering Events: Classroom techniques for taking advantage of children’s knowledge.  Workshop conducted at Seawell Elementary School, Chapel Hill, NC.


Shapiro, L. & Maras, M-H. (2015, December 4).  Forensic Interviewing and Investigations for Justice and Security Professionals.  Training given at the Center for Private Security and Safety, Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. 

Shapiro, L. & Maras, M-H. (2014, September 17).  Forensic Interviewing.  Training given at the Center for Private Security and Safety, Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. 

Shapiro, L.R. (2005, September).   How to bias eyewitness testimony (especially in children).  Workshop conducted at Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.





Shapiro, L.R. & Maras, M-H.  (2016).  Multidisciplinary investigation of child maltreatment.  MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Journal Articles

Maras, M-H., Shapiro, L.R., Velotti, L., Pickman, S., Wei, H-L, & Till, R. (Under review).  Trojan horses in the maritime sector: Lessons for security and emergency managers.   Security Management.

Shapiro, L.R., & Maras, M-H (2017, April). Stereotypes affect surveillance.   Security Management.

Shapiro, L.R. (2009).  Eyewitness testimony for a simulated juvenile crime by male and female perpetrators with gender-role consistent or inconsistent characteristics.  Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30 (6), 649-666.

Shapiro, L.R.  (2006).  The effects of question type and eyewitness temperament on accuracy and quantity of recall for a simulated misdemeanor crime.   Emporia State Research Studies, 43, 1-7;

Shapiro, L.R.  (2006).  Remembering September 11th: The role of retention interval and rehearsal on flashbulb and event memory.   Memory, 14, 129-145.

Shapiro, L.R.  & Purdy, T. (2005).  Suggestibility and source monitoring errors: Blame the interview style, interviewer consistency, and the child's personality.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 489-506.

Shapiro, L.R., Blackford, C., & Chen, C-F. (2005).  Eyewitness memory for a simulated misdemeanor crime:  The role of age and temperament in suggestibility.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 267-289.

Shapiro, L.R., & Hudson, J.A.  (2004).  Effects of internal and external supports on preschool children's event planning.  Journal of Applied Development Psychology, 25, 49-73.

Hendrickson, V., & Shapiro, L.R.  (2001). Cohesive reference devices in children’s personal narratives.  Journal of Psychological Inquiry, 6, 17-22.

Hudson, J.A., Shapiro, L.R., & Sosa, B.  (1995).   Planning in the Real World: Preschool children's scripts and plans for familiar events.  Child Development, 66, 984-998.

Shapiro, L.R. & Hudson, J.A.  (1991).  Tell me a make-believe story:  Coherence and cohesion in young children's picture-elicited narratives.  Developmental Psychology, 27, 960-974.

     Chapters in Edited Volumes

Ornstein, P.A., Shapiro, L.R., Clubb, P.A., Follmer, A., & Baker-Ward, L.  (1997).  The influence of prior knowledge on children’s memory for salient medical experiences (pp. 83-111).  In N.L. Stein, P.A. Ornstein, C.J. Brainerd, & B. Tversky (Eds.), Memory for everyday and emotional events.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Hudson, J.A., Sosa, B., & Shapiro, L.R.  (1997).  Scripts and plans:  The development of children’s event knowledge and event planning.  In S.L. Friedman & E.K. Scholnick (Eds.), Why, how, and when do we plan?  The developmental psychology of planning (pp. 77-102).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Shapiro, L.R., & Hudson, J.A.  (1997).  Coherence and cohesion in children’s event narratives (pp. 23-48).  In J. Costerman & M. Fayol (Eds.), Processing interclausal relationships in the production and comprehension of text.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Hudson, J.A. & Shapiro, L.R.  (1991).  From knowing to telling:  The development of children's scripts, stories, and personal narratives.  In A. McCabe & C. Peterson (Eds.), Developing narrative structure (pp. 89-136). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Encyclopedia Entries

Shapiro, L.R. (in press). Gender stereotypes and criminal offending.  Encyclopedia of Women and Crime.  Wiley-Blackwell.

Shapiro, L.R. (in press). Memory and child abuse.  Encyclopedia of Women and Crime. Wiley-Blackwell.

    Online Journal/ Magazine

Shapiro, L.R.  (2001, March).  No expert for cross-racial id: Less reliability a common belief.  Commentary in The Forensic Panel Letter (3 pp.).

Shapiro, L.R. (2000).   CASES IN THE HEADLINES: Police Shootings, Community Controversy...Forensic Answers [Commentary on Weatherrred v State of Texas].  The Forensic Echo, June.

Shapiro, L.R.  (1998, August).  Deja View?  Photo bias and the eyewitness.  The Forensic Echo, 2(9), 4-5.

Shapiro, L.R.  (1998, December).  Two heads better than one.  The Forensic Echo, 3 (1), 21.



Research interest


       · Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Stereotypes of Juvenile Thieves/Shoplifters

         · Forensic Interviewing and Investigation 

        · Radicalization of Female Adolescent and Adult Women in the US 

        · Application of Psychological Principles to Physical Security